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Wednesday, October 31, 2012

Military Leaders Point to Schools in U.S. Obesity Fight

Former U.S. military leaders have identified a latent threat to the potential for a leaner, more agile fighting force: the school vending machine.

In a report to be released on Tuesday, a group of 300 retired military officers said school-age children are eating 400 billion excess calories a year - the equivalent of two billion candy bars - from junk food sold in such machines as well as in snack bars and cafeterias that should be off-limits.
It has nothing to do with the schools, as the government's own data have proven.

See here.

This is what happens when folks with brass s**t for brains opine outside their field.

They should spend more time doing/learning/teaching what they are supposed to know.

Small wonder a bunch of country folk caused the greatest loss of US airpower since the Tet Offensive in 1968.

Severely Obese Are Fastest Growing Group of Overweight Americans, Study Finds

The proportion of Americans who are severely obese -- those people 100 pounds or more overweight -- continues to increase rapidly and much faster than those with moderate obesity, but the rate of growth has slowed, according to a new RAND Corporation study.

The RAND study found that from 2000 to 2010, the proportion of Americans who were severely obese rose from 3.9 percent of the population to 6.6 percent -- an increase of about 70 percent.

Sitting For Long Periods Increases Risk Of Kidney Disease

Everything harms you.
Individuals who sit for several hours of the day not only put themselves at risk for obesity and sore limbs, but also increase their chances of developing kidney disease.

Thomas Yates, MD, of the University of Leicester and the University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust and leading researcher in this study, said:

"It is currently not known how sedentary time or physical activity directly impact kidney health, but less sitting and more physical activity is associated with increased cardiovascular health through improvements to blood pressure, cholesterol, glucose metabolism, and arterial health. While this study confirms the growing body of literature that supports a link between lifestyle factors and the development of chronic kidney disease, it also adds to the evidence that simply sitting less may have important health benefits."

However, the results, which were published in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases, the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation, showed significant gender differences.
No hope, no hope.

Or, just disregard the bulls**t and live a life.

A fit one, of course.

That will make it possible for you to be healthier.

Tuesday, October 30, 2012

Kids Recognize That They Eat Too Much Candy During Halloween

So don't let them.
As Halloween approaches, children's views and perceptions were measured by experts and revealed that kids agree that they eat too much candy and would actually prefer to receive a gift like a video game, instead.

A new questionnaire, conducted by the American Dental Association and PopCap Games, targeted trick-or-treating aged children (5 to 13 years) in the U.S., inquiring about their views on Halloween.

The researchers found that around 94 percent of all American children participate in trick-or-treating, and 65 percent of them think Halloween is the best holiday of the year. However, the survey also found that a vast majority of kids are ready for changes regarding the holiday.

Other top findings included: Two-thirds of kids questioned agreed that they eat too much candy during Halloween, while 89 percent reported that they would still like the holiday if it was not candy focused, but rather, aimed towards other types of fun. Ninety-three percent of children surveyed would prefer to receive a video game instead of candy while trick-or-treating.
It is all about the parents.

Injuries due to child abuse on the rise

And this does not include the most common form of child abuse...
More kids were hospitalized for serious injuries resulting from abuse in 2009 than in 1997, according to a new study - despite previous research suggesting fewer kids are maltreated now than in the past.
...Nutritional child abuse.

Low Vitamin D Linked to Alzheimer's Disease

Stop the nickeling and diming.
Yet another study has linked low vitamin D levels with significant health issues — in this case, poor cognition.
Just tell it like it is:

Low Vitamin D is linked to everything.

Monday, October 29, 2012

Restricting Food Can Increase Eating Without Hunger in Kids

Damned if you do, damned if you don't.
More than 1 in 4 overweight children in a recent survey of parents were "sneaking and hoarding" food between meals, possibly as a consequence of their parents restricting their food intake at mealtime, researchers say.

The fix?
Dr. Sonneville believes that her study suggests some clear instructions to parents. "Have them talk to their kids and tell them they will be allowed to eat if they are hungry. 'We as parents will help you make healthy decisions about what you should be eating, but you shouldn't feel ashamed to eat or be embarrassed or do it in private.' Shame seems to be involved with sneaking and hiding food with children," she concluded.
As if the little porkers will only be hungry in a "healthy" way.

No hope, no hope.

Nutrient in eggs and meat may influence gene expression from infancy to adulthood

Eggs and meat are good again!
Just as women are advised to get plenty of folic acid around the time of conception and throughout early pregnancy, new research suggests another very similar nutrient may one day deserve a spot on the obstetrician's list of recommendations.

Consuming greater amounts of choline - a nutrient found in eggs and meat = during pregnancy may lower an infant's vulnerability to stress-related illnesses, such as mental health disturbances, and chronic conditions, like hypertension, later in life.
Still think they have any idea what they are talking about?

Rabbits Are Adding Flab to Their Fluff, Study Finds

The dark side of carrots. Or...
Pet bunnies better hop to it. A new study in the British Journal, Veterinary Record notes that, like their owners, their waistlines are expanding at an alarming rate. The review charted the weight of 41 rabbits over a two-year period and found that about 10 percent of them had packed on so many pounds, they needed to seriously consider salads.

Females were twice as likely as males to be portly, and neutered individuals of both sexes were 5.4 times more likely to be overweight compared to their virile counterparts. OK, maybe the statistics on bunny fatness aren’t quite as “hare raising” as they are for humans, but they are climbing. In general rising obesity rates in our animal friends is a well established fact. For example, an annual Association for Pet Obesity Prevention survey of more than 500 pets revealed that approximately 53 percent of cats and 55 percent of dogs are now overweight or obese.

The fact that such an organization exists speaks volumes. Vets say they are seeing increased obesity in their patients of all species.
...the dark side of bad pet owners.

The latter is more likely.

Sunday, October 28, 2012

Providing Non-Caloric Beverages To Teens Can Help Them Avoid Excessive Weight Gain

Complete mystery alert!
A new study published in the New England Journal of Medicine shows that adolescents who eliminated sugar-sweetened beverages for one year gained less weight than those who didn't, shedding light on an effective intervention to help combat adolescent obesity.

This is one of the first high-quality randomized control trials to examine the link between the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and their direct impact on weight and body mass index (BMI), as well as how a teen's home environment impacts sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in general.
No way it could be fewer Calories in than out.

If that were accepted, all researchers in the faux field of "discovering the causes of obesity" would be out of jobs.

One can only hope.

Why Some Fats Are Worse Than Others

Fecal transplant.

Yeah, that's the ticket.
All dietary fats are not created equal. Some types of fats have been linked to ailments like heart disease and diabetes, while others, like those often found in plants and fish, have well documented health benefits.

So why do our bodies respond so destructively to some fats but not others?

A new hypothesis described in latest issue of The Quarterly Review of Biology suggests the answer may lie in how different fats interact with the microbes in our guts.
Bottoms up.

Rat Study Suggests That What Babies Eat After Birth Likely Determines Lifetime Risk Of Obesity

True. Almost.
Rats born to mothers fed high-fat diets but who get normal levels of fat in their diets right after birth avoid obesity and its related disorders as adults, according to new Johns Hopkins research.
With certainty, what babies eat for the rest of their lives after they are born determines their risk of obesity.

However, unlike this stupid study, what you eat right after birth need not have a lasting effect on obesity.

Saturday, October 27, 2012

Decade in Exercise 'Club' Ups Functional Capacity, Hints at Clinical Gains

And they almost certainly would have done better on anabolic substances.
Heart-failure patients who followed a moderate-intensity exercise training program for 10 years benefited with gains in functional capacity and quality of life in a small randomized trial [1].

Even with the unusually long follow-up, the trial had a low dropout rate and patients adhered to the exercise protocol 88% of the time. Researchers attributed that to training that was closely supervised during the first year and subsequently conducted mostly in a "coronary club," a group setting with other cardiac patients.
Good for them.

Overeating When Not Hungry Is Common In Obese Kids

Go figger.
Children who are overweight and obese eat 34% more calories from snack foods even after eating a meal, compared to their siblings of average weight.
Source, immaterial.

Too many Calories in than out, material.

Silly, useless study.

Better Nutrition Provided By 'Microgreens' Compared To Their Mature Counterparts

Yeah. This will make all the difference in the world.
The first scientific analysis of nutrient levels in edible microgreens has found that many of those trendy seedlings of green vegetables and herbs have more vitamins and healthful nutrients than their fully grown counterparts. A report on the research appears in ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
Not. BFD.

Friday, October 26, 2012

Doping Is Now A Public Health Issue, Not Just A Sporting One

Doping - using drug or blood products to improve athletic performance - has now become a public health problem, and not just a sporting one, experts explained at an anti-doping conference organized by the Arne Ljungqvist Foundation.
This piece offers not a single shred of evidence for any hazard to the public health.

Read it all.

Then ask yourself, "Why?"

For more information on the benefits of anabolic substances, go here.

Sports Drinks, Not Just Sodas, Drive Up Weight in Teens

Neither does.
A study presented here at Obesity 2012: The Obesity Society 30th Annual Scientific Meeting widened the sugary-beverage/obesity link to include sports drinks. Currently, sales of sports drinks are rising as sales of sodas are tapering off.

Data on nearly 11,000 offspring of participants in the Nurses' Health Study II, aged 9 to 15 years, were tracked over time by Alison Field, MD, associate professor of pediatrics at Harvard Medical School in Boston, Massachusetts, and colleagues.

At the end of each 2-year interval of the study, the teens had gained almost 2.0 pounds for each can of soda they drank every day. If they drank 2 sodas a day, they gained 4.0 pounds over each 2-year interval.

Importantly, this study revealed the previously unknown consequence of drinking sports drinks; the teens gained an average of 3.5 pounds for every sports drink consumed per day.

"Sports drinks have an even stronger relationship than sugared sodas with weight gain," Dr. Field told Medscape Medical News. "I was surprised by that. I would have expected the weight gain to be comparable."
Only more Calories in than out causes weight gain.

Incidentally, this article presented no data as to what was gained as weight, i.e., fat, muscle, both.

Still would have been a crap study even if they told us.

Obesity and Sugared Drinks: Studies Spotlight Genetics, Weight Loss

Studies spotlighted squat.
A trio of studies released today bring light as well as new twists to ongoing controversies about the impact of sugar-sweetened vs nonsugared drinks on obesity and even whether a person's genetics can influence how sugary beverages affect weight gain.
There is no influence.

There is only the effect of more Calories in than out.


Thursday, October 25, 2012

Community Program May Help Some Obese Kids

Heavy kids who took part in a program hosted at community YMCAs were able keep off some extra weight and improved their quality of life, including relationships with peers and functioning at school.

The six-month program - covering diet, physical activity and "screen time" - was a scaled-down version of intensive, clinic-based treatments that have been shown to help obese kids lose weight but at a steep price.

Researchers hope making such interventions cheaper and more convenient means many more families could benefit. But it's been unclear if a less-intensive program would still be effective at helping kids and their families make significant lifestyle changes.

"Despite the high prevalence of childhood obesity, if you're a parent of an obese child, the available treatment programs are few and far between," said Gary Foster, from Temple University in Philadelphia.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that 17% of U.S. kids and teens are now obese - and heavy kids are more likely to become heavy adults.
Programs are no farther away than the home.

Serve the little dumplings fewer Calories than they burn and the pounds get shed.

If the kid porks him- or her-self with away snacks while away from home, feed the kid even less in the house.

And take away the kid's allowance or decrease it so the money cannot be spent on Calories.

There are no valid excuses for fat kids.

There is only bad parenting.

The Battle Against Obesity May Be Won By Manipulating Hormone Receptors

Hormone receptors? Nope.

Another receptor? Yes.
In the body's ongoing effort to maintain a healthy weight, an arsenal of cellular proteins called androgen receptors is critical for blocking fat accumulation. Now researchers reporting in the September issue of the Cell Press Journal Chemistry & Biology have discovered that naturally occurring steroids called glucocorticoids can thwart the receptors' activity, ultimately encouraging fat buildup.
The other receptor is the food receptor.

It is known technically as the mouth.

Manipulate it to receive fewer Calories, and the battle against obesity WILL be won.

A Micro-RNA Causes Metabolic Problems In Obesity

Who knew that there is a micro-RNA called "more Calories in than out"?
Scientists have identified a key molecular player in a chain of events in the body that can lead to fatty liver disease, Type II diabetes and other metabolic abnormalities associated with obesity. By blocking this molecule, the researchers were able to reverse some of the pathology it caused in obese mice.
That is the only thing that can cause obesity.

Wednesday, October 24, 2012

Mother's Diet Before Pregnancy Can Change Gene Function In Offspring

Not likely, but...
It has long been known that nutrition during pregnancy affects the well-being of her child, but a new study suggests that what a woman eats before she becomes pregnant might also play a significant role.
...even if true, the kid's diet after birth can overcome it.

Silly research.

Stupid conclusion.

Joint Replacement May Not Lead to Weight Loss

Why should it?
Studies assessing the effect of total hip arthroplasty (THA) and/or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on postsurgical weight loss are inadequate and inconclusive, according to a systematic review published Clinical Orthopedics and Related Research.

Maria C.S. Inacio, a doctoral candidate from San Diego State University/University of California, and colleagues conclude that the (admittedly low-quality) studies they analyzed provide "no conclusive evidence that weight or body composition increases, decreases, or remains the same after [total joint arthroplasty (TJA)]."

Weight loss might be expected to occur as a byproduct of THA or of TKA because of postsurgical reduction in pain and increased mobility, but Inacio, who is employed at Kaiser Permanente, and colleagues asked whether such weight loss actually happens.
Only fewer Calories in than out will result in weight loss.

Nothing else can or will.


Link Between Sleep Apnea In Obese Pregnant Women And Poor Maternal And Neonatal Outcomes

More early nutritional child abuse.
The newborns of obese pregnant women suffering from obstructive sleep apnea are more likely to be admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit than those born to obese mothers without the sleep disorder, reports a study published the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology.
Stop the nutritional child abuse.

Tuesday, October 23, 2012

Blood Pressure Lowered, Cholesterol Improved By Sesame And Rice Bran Oil

Time to eat sesame and rice bran yogurt. (see post above)
People who cooked with a blend of sesame and rice bran oils saw a significant drop in blood pressure and improved cholesterol levels, according to new research presented at the American Heart Association's High Blood Pressure Research 2012 Scientific Sessions.

The researchers found cooking with a combination of these oils in a variety of ways worked nearly as well as a commonly prescribed high blood pressure medication, and that the use of the oil blend with medication yielded even more impressive results.

"Rice bran oil, like sesame oil, is low in saturated fat and appears to improve a patient's cholesterol profile," said Devarajan Sankar, M.D, Ph.D., a research scientist in the Department of Cardiovascular Disease at Fukuoka University Chikushi Hospital in Chikushino, Japan. "Additionally, it may reduce heart disease risk in other ways, including being a substitute for less healthy oils and fats in the diet."
Another "Wanna bet?"

Eating Yogurt May Protect Against High Blood Pressure

Wanna bet?
A new study has suggested that adding low calorie yogurt to your diet may help lower your risk of high blood pressure.

The new information presented at the American Heart Association's High Blood Pressure Research 2012 Scientific Sessions, has found that long-term yogurt eaters had a lower systolic blood pressure, as well as a diminished risk of developing high blood pressure.
Another silly association study.

Association does not equal cause and effect.

Too Much Tuna Can Cause Mercury Poisoning In Children

More folly from Michellesie "The Cow" Obama's murderous rampage against schoolkids and their lunches.
Children should be consuming considerably less canned tuna, otherwise their risk of serious mercury poisoning could become a public health issue in years to come, the Mercury Policy Project explained in a report issued yesterday.

The authors added that albacore tuna should never be given to children.

Children should not consume light tuna more than once per month if they weigh less than 55 pounds. Even kids weighing over 55 pounds should not eat tuna more than twice a month, the report stated.

In the USA, 52% of canned tuna is used for making sandwiches, 22% for salads, and 15% for other uses, such as casseroles, pasta dishes, and dried packaged meal mixes.

Most Americans have detectable levels of mercury in their blood, says the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). According to WHO (World Health Organization), mercury levels in American people are considerably higher than in Western Europeans. The European Union tends to have stricter regulations regarding food and drink.

A member of the consumer group in the coalition that makes up The Mercury Policy Project, Sarah Klein, of the Center for Science in the Public Interest, said:

"Today we unfortunately have to bring consumers a warning about tuna. Despite its popularity, it should be a rare meal for children."

Serious concerns have been expressed about mercury levels in kids who eat tuna. 59 samples of tuna from 11 different US states were tested, the authors explained. The tuna was bought in 4-pound cans or foil packages from catering companies that supply schools, or directly from the schools themselves.

Monday, October 22, 2012

Gut Bacteria Increase Fat Absorption

Excusinators in overdrive, implying fatsos are the victims of bacteria.

The bacteria made me fat!
You may think you have dinner all to yourself, but you're actually sharing it with a vast community of microbes waiting within your digestive tract. A new study from a team including Carnegie's Steve Farber and Juliana Carten reveals that some gut microbes increase the absorption of dietary fats, allowing the host organism to extract more calories from the same amount of food.

Previous studies showed gut microbes aid in the breakdown of complex carbohydrates, but their role in dietary fat metabolism remained a mystery, until now.

There is no role.

Only more Calories in than out will make someone fat.

But if you want to blame gut bacteria, you're in luck!

Get a fecal transplant and shut-up.

Stay Thin By Reading Food Labels

Not even close.
Obesity can be prevented by reading the labels on food products, even more so for women.
You have to be able to read the labels.

You have to understand what you are reading.

You have to be able to do the Calorie math.

You have to be able to restrain yourself from overconsuming Calories.

Screw up one step and it is adios to thin.

Sugary Drinks Linked To Risk Of Obesity

Now why would that be?
People who regularly consume sugary drinks are genetically more susceptible to becoming obese or overweight, researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health reported in NEJM (New England Journal of Medicine), September 21, 2012 issue.

The authors wrote that their study provides further evidence proving that genetic and environmental factors act together in driving up the risk of obesity.

It is all Calories, Calories, Calories.

Lower the Calories to fewer than are burned and the pounds come off, no risk for obesity.


Sunday, October 21, 2012

Gastric Bypass 'a Viable Treatment' for CV Risk in the Severely Obese

Only if the fat pay for it themselves.
A new study following severely obese participants out to six years after gastric-bypass surgery shows that they had higher rates of diabetes remission and a lower incidence of developing diabetes, compared with nonsurgical controls [1].

The surgical patients also had significantly improved cardiovascular and metabolic risk profiles compared with those who didn't undergo gastric bypass...
Otherwise, it is a net loser for the rest of us who are not calorically irresponsible and developing diseases of choice because of it.

Exercise Helps Prevent Stress

Moderate exercise may help people deal with anxiety and stress for a period of time after their workout.

Previous research has shown that exercise boosts mood, but the effects on a person's emotional state have yet to be seen, as well as whether the positive effects last when faced with everyday stressors.
It is almost impossible to reduce stress.

Stress is a demand placed on a system.

You cannot prevent the demands placed by a crying child, stupid boss, late bus, etc.

The response to stress is called strain.

You can control how you respond to stress.

Physical activity may help you deal with strain.

If you want to cause stress by failing to improve your fitness, then exercise.

Exercise will almost never improve fitness.

To improve, you have to train.

Can Behavioral Economics Combat Obesity?

Read. Understand. Repeat...
Obesity is a serious health problem. This article demonstrates that using behavioral economics to guide regulations is both misguided and can be counterproductive to obese and nonobese citizens alike.
...appreciate. Fight back against the stupidity.

Saturday, October 20, 2012

Type 2 Diabetes Risk Increased From Visceral Fat

More evidence that Type 2 diabetes is little more than an illness of choice for the fat.
Excess visceral fat and insulin resistance, but not general adiposity, are independently associated with incident prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus, according to a study that followed up 732 obese individuals for a median of 7 years.
It is clear that fat people have more visceral fat than intended-size humans.
"Although increased body mass index (BMI) is associated with diabetes at the population level, it does not adequately discriminate diabetes risk among obese individuals. Indeed, many obese persons appear resistant to the development of metabolic disease," the authors write.
The lip service to the "many obese" is hogwash.

There is no need to discriminate among the fat to distinguish the relative few who will develop this disease of choice.

Because if you are not fat, it will almost certainly not develop.

BYU Study Says Exercise May Reduce Motivation For Food

It is commonly assumed that you can "work up an appetite" with a vigorous workout. Turns out that theory may not be completely accurate - at least immediately following exercise.
When Calories are overconsumed is immaterial.

So long as more Calories are consumed than burned, weight is added to the body.

Exercise, notwithstanding.


Black Cohosh Evidence Inconclusive

Now how can that be?
Although there is currently insufficient evidence to support the use of black cohosh for menopausal symptoms, the data do support the need for additional research, according to a new review by Matthew J. Leach, PhD, from the School of Nursing & Midwifery, University of South Australia, and Vivienne Moore, from the Department of Public Health, University of South Australia, North Terrace, Adelaide. Future trials with black cohosh should focus on important outcomes such as quality of life, bone health, and night sweats.
If it were so good, there would be no "need for additional research."

It would be a done deal.

Friday, October 19, 2012

Higher Education And Weight Gain Go Hand In Hand

The "freshman 15" is a proven reality, according to a new study published by the journal Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism.

Researchers concentrated on the impact of a full four years of higher education on BMI, weight, and body composition. The study targets the nature of the weight gain, as well as the differences between male and females by following students throughout their undergraduate years. Previous research has examined weight gain during the freshman year of college, but the new report is a direct view into body composition, body mass index, body shape, and weight over the entire college period.

During the study 131 college students were followed from the beginning of their first year to the end of their fourth year. Findings showed that about 70 percent of students gained weight, averaging about 11.68 lbs (5.3 kg). Males gained significantly more weight, BMI, and body fat than females. Participants considered to be obese also increased from 18 percent to 31 percent.
First, it is not higher education - it is more time in school.

There is no guarantee that these kids are getting more educated.

Second, trying to get educated, e.g., by reading stuff, is an activity like watching TV.

You generally sit and do it.

So if you are a believer in the not-enough-physical-activity-as-cause-of-fatosity, condemn the other sedentary activities like reading, studying, listening to a lecture, etc.

Or shut your darn pie-hole.

American Kids Eat Too Much Salt

Most of it eaten in the home, I'll wager.
American children consume as much salt each day as adults do, researchers from the Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, reported in the journal Pediatrics.

The authors added that high salt intake is linked to hypertension in children and adolescents.
More nutritional child abuse.

Stop the abuse.

Only Children Have Higher Risk Of Obesity

True and not true.
Children who do not have brothers and sisters have a 50% higher chance of being obese or overweight than children who have siblings.
Not true - it is not only children who are at higher risk. Overweight adults are, too.

True - parents probably are overfeeding their only children even more than parents who overfeed multi-child families, since there is no competition for Calories (and Calorie-purchased "love") in the family from other kids.

Thursday, October 18, 2012

Ohio death row inmate makes case that he's too obese for execution

A condemned Ohio inmate who weighs at least 480 pounds wants his upcoming execution delayed, saying his weight could lead to a "torturous and lingering death."

Ronald Post, who shot and killed a hotel clerk in northern Ohio almost 30 years ago, said his weight, vein access, scar tissue and other medical problems raise the likelihood his executioners would encounter severe problems. He's also so big that the execution gurney might not hold him, lawyers for Post said in federal court papers filed Friday.

"Indeed, given his unique physical and medical condition there is a substantial risk that any attempt to execute him will result in serious physical and psychological pain to him, as well as an execution involving a torturous and lingering death," the filing said.

Post, 53, is scheduled to die Jan. 16 for the 1983 shooting death of Helen Vantz in Elyria.

A spokeswoman for the prisons department had no comment on the pending litigation.

Inmates' weight has come up previously in death penalty cases in Ohio and elsewhere.

In 2008, federal courts rejected arguments by condemned double-killer Richard Cooey that he was too obese to die by injection. Cooey's attorneys had argued that prison food and limited opportunities to exercise contributed to a weight problem that would make it difficult for the execution team to find a viable vein for lethal injection.

Cooey, who was 5-foot-7 and weighed 267 pounds, was executed Oct. 14, 2008.

In 2007, it took Ohio executioners about two hours to insert IVs into the veins of condemned inmate Christopher Newton, who weighed about 265 pounds. A prison spokeswoman at the time said his size was an issue.

In 1994 in Washington state, a federal judge upheld the conviction of Mitchell Rupe, but agreed with Rupe's contention that at more than 400 pounds, he was too heavy to hang because of the risk of decapitation. Rupe argued that hanging would constitute cruel and unusual punishment.

After numerous court rulings and a third trial, Rupe was eventually sentenced to life in prison, where he died in 2006.

Ohio executes inmates with a single dose of pentobarbital, usually injected through the arms.

Medical personnel have had a hard time inserting IVs into Post's arms, according to the court filing. Four years ago, an Ohio State University medical center nurse needed three attempts to insert an IV into Post's left arm, the lawyers wrote.

Post has tried losing weight, but knee and back problems have made it difficult to exercise, according to his court filing.

Post's request for gastric bypass surgery has been denied, he's been encouraged not to walk because he's at risk for falling, and severe depression has contributed to his inability to limit how much he eats, his filing said.

While at the Mansfield Correctional Institution, Post "used that prison's exercise bike until it broke under his weight," according to the filing.
Where there is a will, there is a way.

Do a cut-down on the vein.

Problem solved.

Rural Residents More Likely To Be Obese Than Their Urban Counterparts

A new study finds that Americans living in rural areas are more likely to be obese than city dwellers. Published in the National Rural Health Association's Fall 2012 Journal of Rural Health, the study indicates that residential location may play an important role in the obesity epidemic.

Led by researchers at the University of Kansas, the study analyzed data collected by the National Center for Health Statistics and is the first in more than three decades to use measured heights and weights. Previous studies have relied on self-reported data, which typically underestimate the prevalence of obesity.

Christie Befort, Ph.D., assistant professor of preventive medicine and public health at the University of Kansas Medical Center, believes there may be two significant reasons why rural residents are more likely to be overweight: cultural diet and physical isolation.

"There is a definite cultural diet in rural America, full of rich, homemade foods including lots of meat and dessert," said Befort, who led the study. The study, which also examined demographic and lifestyle factors, found that rural Americans typically consume a diet higher in fat.

Rural residents also face challenges to accessing health care, prevention and lifestyle activities.
None of it matters but for the number of Calories in vs. Calories out.

That rule applies in all enviroments - rural and urban.

Study Finds That Natural Killer T-Cells In Fat Tissue Guard Against Obesity

Well, as the number of obese folks keeps increasing...
Invariant natural killer T-cells (iNKT) are a unique subset of immune cells that are known to influence inflammatory responses. Now, a scientific team led by researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) has found that iNKT cells play a protective role in guarding against obesity and the metabolic syndrome, a major consequence of obesity.
...these killer T-cells must be doing a lousy job.

Wednesday, October 17, 2012

Meta-Analysis Finds No CV Benefit of Omega-3 Fatty Acids

You mean eating fish fat does not prevent cardiovascular events?

Say it ain't so.
A new meta-analysis looking at the effects of omega-3 fatty acids in patients at high risk for cardiovascular events has shown that the supplements have no effect on hard clinical outcomes, including all-cause mortality, cardiac death, sudden death, MI, or stroke [1]. There was a trend toward benefit in the prevention of sudden death, but the reduction failed to reach statistical significance, a finding the researchers believe refutes any supposed antiarrhythmic-mediated effect of omega-3 fatty acids.

"The meta-analysis, taking into account the recent and previously published trials, showed that omega-3 fatty acids did not significantly reduce the incidence of cardiovascular events," senior investigator Dr Moses Elisaf (University Hospital of Ioannina, Greece) told heartwire . "However, there was a trend toward benefit in terms of sudden death, about a 13% reduction, and myocardial infarction, about a 10% reduction, but the decrease was not statistically significant. So, we can conclude from this meta-analysis and other recently published trials that the effect of omega-3 fatty-acid supplementation in high-risk patients is rather low. They are without side effects, but without significant efficacy."

The study is published in the September 12, 2012 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Some clinical guidelines, including those of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), recommend omega-3 polyunsaturated fats, either through supplements or dietary changes, after MI. Despite the recommendations, there is a large degree of controversy and uncertainty regarding the benefits of omega-3 polyunsaturated fats on the risk of major cardiovascular events. Currently, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved high-dose omega-3 fatty acids for the treatment of high triglyceride levels in patients with overt hypertriglyceridemia.

Speaking with heartwire , Elisaf said few trials included in the meta-analysis used the high-dose omega-3 fatty-acid supplements, that being 2 to 4 g per day as approved by the FDA, so more studies are needed to study the benefit of using the high-dose supplements to lower triglyceride levels and prevent cardiovascular events. "We need more data to clearly define the role of omega-3 fatty acids in clinical practice," said Elisaf.
Still think they have any idea what they are talking about?

NSAID CV Risk Persists for at Least Five Years Post-MI

Aspirin is a NSAID.
The latest study to investigate the effect of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in patients with a previous MI has found that the increased cardiovascular risk associated with these drugs persists for at least five years after the MI.

The study, published online in Circulation...was led by Dr Anne-Marie Schjerning Olsen (Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte, Denmark).

She commented to heartwire : "We know that MI patients have an increased risk of a subsequent MI and that this decreases with time. We have also shown before that the risk of recurrent events is higher in patients taking an NSAID, but we have not known before how this risk varies with time. In this study, we show that the increased cardiovascular risk with an NSAID appears to remain constant with time after MI. In other words the risk appears to be similarly elevated at one year post-MI and five years post-MI.

"So NSAIDs are still dangerous to patients with a history of MI, even five years after their event. I would say there is no safe treatment window for these patients, and even short-term treatment with an NSAID is hazardous," Schjerning Olsen added.
And for how long have you heard to take aspirin to prevent a heart attack?

Still think they have any idea what they are talking about?

Protein Linked To Hunger Also Implicated In Alcoholism

Don't eat and drive.
Researchers at The Scripps Research Institute have found new links between a protein that controls our urge to eat and brain cells involved in the development of alcoholism. The discovery points to new possibilities for designing drugs to treat alcoholism and other addictions.
Save lives.

Tuesday, October 16, 2012

Exercise Can Reduce The Urge To Eat

But doesn't.
Most people believe that they can "work up an appetite" with vigorous exercise, however, that theory may not be entirely true - at least immediately after a workout.

Physician Empathy Linked to Better Patient Outcomes

Type 2 diabetes is fat person diabetes.
High levels of empathy in primary care physicians correlate with better clinical outcomes for their patients with diabetes, according to a new study of more than 20,000 patients in Italy.

The retrospective correlational study of 20,961 patients with diabetes and 242 generalist physicians who treated them in Parma, Italy, found that patients whose physicians scored highest on a validated empathy test had the lowest rates of acute metabolic complications requiring hospitalization.
Oh, poor babies do not care enough about themselves.

The fat, darling, dumplings need to be coddled into giving a hoot.

Well, then why should we?

We are just told that we have to pay for these fat folks.

They sure don't empathize with the rest of us who are underwriting their illnesses of choice.

If they did, they would shed the pounds or pay for the costs they incur themselves.

Screw 'em.

Job Strain Has Modest Effect on Heart Disease Risk


Change jobs and quit your bitching.
Job strain is associated with a small but consistent increased risk of coronary heart disease, according to new research [1]. The study pooled published and unpublished data to generate a cohort of almost 200 000 people, and this "allowed us to investigate the association between CHD and job strain with greater precision than has previously been possible," say Dr Mika Kivimäki (University College London, UK) and colleagues in their paper published online September 13, 2012 in the Lancet.

Kivimäki told heartwire that more than 30 years of research on workplace stress and its link with heart disease have produced mixed results, with some studies finding up to a ninefold increased risk while others found no association. Also, there has been the issue of whether there is a particular subgroup of people who are more adversely affected, he says.

"This study is more than twice the size of the most recent meta-analysis published on this topic; the magnitude is different. Our finding is that there is an effect of job strain, and although it's fairly modest, it's very robust. In addition, we don't see any subgroups that are more vulnerable than any other."

He stressed that it is still not known whether the relationship between job strain and heart disease is causal. But assuming it is, the risk associated with work stress is still "substantially less" than that for other known risk factors for CHD, such as smoking, abdominal obesity, and inactivity, he noted.
Time to break out the Soma.

Monday, October 15, 2012

Many Initial Science Findings Covered in News Later Refuted

Using attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as an example, researchers found that newspapers preferentially cover mostly positive initial studies and may fail to report on subsequent refuting/attenuating studies, presenting an inaccurate picture of overall findings.

Francois Gonon, PhD, from the University of Bordeaux in France, and colleagues, reported their findings in an article published online September 12 in PLoS ONE.

According to the researchers, initial observations are publicized by the mass media because of their novelty and, often, their publication in prominent journals. However, biomedical observations should be considered facts only after independent validation by subsequent studies, as initial observations often are contradicted or attenuated by follow-up studies.
More duh.

Vitamin C May Help Protect You Against Dementia

Well this settles it.
The serum-concentration of the antioxidants beta-carotene and vitamin C are much lower in mild dementia patients then those who do not show signs of Alzheimer's Disease (AD), suggesting that these antioxidants may protect against dementia.

This evidence contradicts a previous study, which stated that vitamin C does not reduce the risk of dementia or Alzheimer's.

More dross for the consumer.

Statins May Increase Pneumonia Risk

Oops. And guess who needs statins more than intended-size folks.

Yep. Bronto-sapiens.
Statin users are more likely to develop pneumonia than people who do not use statins, according to a new study presented here at the 52nd Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.

This finding is in contrast to previous studies, which have shown that statins have "a protective effect," said Kelly R. Daniels, PharmD, a pharmacist at the University of Texas at Austin.
And, by the way, still think they have any idea what they are talking about?

Sunday, October 14, 2012

Nation Losing War Against Hypertension, CDC Says

Why is that?
The CDC recommends these clinical strategies to win the war against hypertension:

Learn and adhere to clinical practice guidelines on hypertension.

Flag and monitor patients with hypertension and measure the percentage who have their blood pressure under control.
Regularly evaluate a patient's hypertension drugs to determine whether they need to be changed.

Consider once-a-day doses of medication to improve patient adherence.

Promote patient self-monitoring of blood pressure.
Promote healthy lifestyles that include healthy, reduced-sodium diets; exercise; and weight loss among those who are overweight or obese.

Rely on proven clinical strategies such as team-based care and patient-centered medical homes to promote lifestyle changes and medication adherence.
Fat people.

Sedentary Behaviors Linked to Poor Food Choices

Chicken or egg?
Adolescents who spend extensive time on sedentary activities such as watching television or playing computer games are more likely to choose unhealthy sweetened beverages and snacks than those who spend less time on such screen-based activities, according to a study of European youth published the Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine.
Who cares?

Either way, stop paying for the illnesses of choice and watch these folks get up and go.

Even High Normal Blood Glucose Linked to Brain Atrophy

EVEN high normal...
Even blood glucose levels in the range of high normal appear to be associated with brain atrophy, a new study shows.
Then why is it "normal"?

Still think they have any idea what they are talking about?

Saturday, October 13, 2012

What's the Main Cause of Obesity -- Our Genes or the Environment?

This is the question that only the dumbest, stupidest, most ignorant f**k on the planet could ask.
The ongoing obesity epidemic is creating an unprecedented challenge for healthcare systems around the world, but what determines who gets fat? Two experts debate the issue on
It is also the question that only the two dumbest, stupidest, most ignorant f**ks on the planet would debate.

The answer to the question, "What is the main cause of obesity?" is more Calories in than out.


Make that three of the dumbest, stupidest, most ignorant f**ks on the planet:

Antibiotic Use in Infants Ups Risk for Childhood Obesity

According to the Danish National Birth Cohort study (Int J Obes [Lond]. 2011;35:522-529), children who were exposed to antibiotics in the first 6 months of life had an increased risk for overweight at age 7 years. However, it is not clear whether antibiotic exposure at an older age is related to subsequent increase in body mass.
Unless the kids are fed more Calories than they burn, there is no way that they are at higher risk for obesity.

Bulls**t research.

Latinos More Vulnerable to Fatty Pancreas, Type 2 Diabetes, Study Shows

Kudos, gordos.
Latinos are more likely to store fat in the pancreas and are less able to compensate by excreting additional insulin, a Cedars-Sinai study shows.

The research examining overweight, prediabetic patients, published online by Diabetes Care, is part of a focus by Cedars-Sinai's Heart Institute, Biomedical Imaging Research Institute and Diabetes and Obesity Research Institute, to identify biological measures that could help predict which patients are likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

"Prevention of diabetes is our goal," said Richard Bergman, PhD, director of the Cedars-Sinai Diabetes and Obesity Research Institute and a lead author on the study. "Not all people who are overweight or obese and who have insulin resistance go on to develop diabetes. If we can determine who is most likely to develop diabetes and why, then we can make strides toward preventing it in those individuals."
Type 2 diabetes is still most likely to occur in fat people.

If no one gets fat, almost no one will get Type 2 diabetes.

The goal should be not to get fat.

Friday, October 12, 2012

Can Obesity Worsen Breast Cancer Outcomes?

Apparently so.
In the United States as well as globally, approximately two thirds of all breast cancer cases are hormone receptor–positive breast cancer. Obesity has been associated with an increased risk for breast cancer, and among women with operable breast cancer, obesity has been linked to worse outcomes.

Previous studies have not examined the association between body mass index (BMI) and outcomes by breast cancer subtype. The objective of this study by Sparano and colleagues was to evaluate the relationship of obesity and overweight to outcomes in otherwise healthy women with different subtypes of breast cancer.

There is now more evidence that obesity can worsen breast cancer outcome. The association occurs even when overweight women receive optimal treatment in a major clinical trial...
Kudos, fatsos.

Obese Teens Eat Fewer Calories Than Their Peers

Overweight children aged from 9 to 17 years eat fewer calories than kids of normal weight in the same age group, researchers from the University of North Carolina School of Medicine reported in the journal Pediatrics. The authors added that the reverse occurs in children aged 8 years and younger - the overweight/obese kids eat more than their peers.
All that matters is how many Calories one consumes relative to the number of Calories one burns.


This research is meaningless crap.

More Evidence Ginkgo Biloba Will Not Prevent Dementia

Say it ain't so.
Another study adds to mounting evidence that ginkgo biloba, a popular herbal product, has no protective effect against progression to Alzheimer's disease (AD) over 5 years in elderly people with subjective memory complaints.

Results of the new GuidAge study echo those of an earlier study, the Ginkgo Evaluation of Memory (GEM) trial, which showed that ginkgo biloba does not prevent dementia in the elderly, with or without memory complaints.
Now how can it be that this crap sold at Whore Foods doesn't help?

A mystery.

Thursday, October 11, 2012

Joint Replacement Surgery May Not Affect Weight Loss

Why would it?
Hip and knee replacements, also known as total joint arthroplasties (TJAs), are common surgical procedures that relieve pain and increase mobility and could potentially cause weight loss as a by-product.

Knee replacements have long been known to increase mobility in older patients, however, this new research touches on the whether hip and knee replacements actually have weight benefits.
To lose weight one has to burn more Calories than are consumed.

No replaced joint can do that.

No replaced joint can get someone to move.

Given the state of people's self-control, the only thing a replaced joint offers is greater mobility from the couch to the feed bag and back to the couch.

Pregnancy Exposures Determine Risk of Breast Cancer in Multiple Generations of Offspring

More early nutritional child abuse by the fat.
Researchers from Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center demonstrate, in animals, that maternal exposure to a high-fat diet or excess estrogen during pregnancy can increase breast cancer risk in multiple generations of female offspring -- daughters, granddaughters and even great-granddaughters.

This study, published online today in Nature Communications, shows for the first time that the risk of some "familial" breast cancers originate from biological alterations caused by maternal diet during pregnancy that not only affect the directly exposed fetus but also the fetal germ cells, transmitting the increased mammary cancer risk to subsequent generations.
Kudos, fatsos.

You are so fat that the harm you cause lasts for generations.

Stop nutritional child abuse.

Lifestyle Changes Could Prevent 50% of Common Cancers

Good news!

Time to take cancer off the "we pay for fat people's diseases of choice" list.
More than 50% of cancer could be prevented if people simply implemented what is already known about cancer prevention, according to a researcher here at the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) World Cancer Congress 2012.

Graham Colditz, PD, DrPH, from the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri, reported that a number of interventions, largely involving lifestyle behaviors, but also involving higher-cost interventions in high-income countries, could prevent a large proportion of cancers in 15 to 20 years if widely applied.

Among the "biggest buys" from lifestyle intervention is smoking cessation.

"One third of cancer in high-income countries is caused by smoking," Dr. Colditz said. If smoking rates could be reduced to the current levels in Utah [about 11%], the United States could see a 75% reduction in smoking-related cancers in 10 to 20 years — a target that Dr. Colditz feels is feasible in countries where smoking rates have already declined considerably.

Similarly, it is estimated that being overweight or obese causes approximately 20% of cancer today. If people could maintain a healthy body mass index (BMI), the incidence of cancer could be reduced by approximately 50% in 2 to 20 years. (A healthy BMI for cancer prevention is from 21 to 23 kg/m², as other speakers pointed out.)

Dr. Colditz, among others, estimates that poor diet and lack of exercise are each associated with about 5% of all cancers. Improvement in diet could reduce cancer incidence by 50% and increases in physical activity could reduce cancer incidence by as much as 85% in 5 to 20 years.

Wednesday, October 10, 2012

Older Overweight Children Consume Fewer Calories Than Their Healthy Weight Peers

One of the worst study and conclusions combos you will ever see.
A new study by University of North Carolina School of Medicine pediatrics researchers finds a surprising difference in the eating habits of overweight children between ages 9 and 17 years compared to those younger than 9.

Younger children who are overweight or obese consume more calories per day than their healthy weight peers. But among older overweight children the pattern is reversed: They actually consume fewer calories per day than their healthy weight peers.

How to explain such a seemingly counterintuitive finding?

"Children who are overweight tend to remain overweight," said Asheley Cockrell Skinner, PhD, assistant professor of pediatrics at UNC and lead author of the study published online Sept. 10, 2012 by the journal Pediatrics.

"So, for many children, obesity may begin by eating more in early childhood. Then as they get older, they continue to be obese without eating any more than their healthy weight peers," Skinner said. "One reason this makes sense is because we know overweight children are less active than healthy weight kids. Additionally, this is in line with other research that obesity is not a simple matter of overweight people eating more -- the body is complex in how it reacts to amount of food eaten and amount of activity."

These results also suggest that different strategies may be needed to help children in both age groups reach a healthy weight. "It makes sense for early childhood interventions to focus specifically on caloric intake, while for those in later childhood or adolescence the focus should instead be on increasing physical activity, since overweight children tend to be less active," Skinner said.
There is no complexity.

There is no need for a different approach.

There is only one explanation.

These fat kids are eating more Calories than they burn.

And the intended-weight kids are eating the appropriate number of Calories for what they burn.

(There is a related explanation that gets to the same result. The fat kids are lying about the number of Calories they are eating since this was a self-reported intake study. That kind of study is the pimple on the ass of research accuracy/integrity. Especially since fat people are famous for being incorrect (untruthful) re: the number of Calories they shove down their gullets.)

Without doubt, these researchers are, IMHO, grossly unqualified.

Cut, as in stop, their funding.

And another reason why all funding to discover the cause of overweight/obesity should be termminated.

Why Severely Obese Women Have Difficulty Getting Pregnant from IVF

Hooray! Another illness of choice for which the rest of us should not pay.
One third of American women of childbearing age are battling obesity, a condition that affects their health and their chances of getting pregnant. Obese women often have poor reproductive outcomes, but the reasons why have not been clearly identified. Now, a novel study led by Catherine Racowsky, PhD, director of the Assisted Reproductive Technologies Laboratory at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH), and performed by Ronit Machtinger, M.D., of BWH, in collaboration with Catherine Combelles, PhD, of Middlebury College, gains further insight into the underlying mechanisms.

The study will be published online on September 11 in the journal Human Reproduction.

Racowsky and her colleagues examined 276 mature human eggs that failed to fertilize from women who were undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedures. Of these, 105 eggs were from severely obese women, defined as having a body mass index (BMI) between 35.0 and 50.1 kg/m2, and 171 eggs were from women with a normal BMI, defined as between 18.5 and 24.9 kg/m2. BMI is calculated from a person's height and weight and is considered a reliable indicator of body fatness for most people.

"This study is the first to shed light on how BMI might adversely affect egg quality in women," said Dr. Racowsky. "These observations provide novel insight into a possible cause for the reduced likelihood of success with IVF in severely obese women."

According to Dr. Racowsky, in order for an egg to have the best chance of fertilizing and supporting embryo development, it should be "mature" with one spindle (a critical egg structure) on which is attached one organized set of chromosomes. This study found severely obese women have a much greater chance of having eggs with multiple spindles and disorganized chromosomes. Specifically:

Nearly 60 percent of the eggs from the severely obese group had two spindles, while only 35 percent of the eggs from the normal BMI group had two spindles.
Among the eggs with one spindle, nearly 30 percent of the eggs from the severely obese group had disorganized chromosomes, while only 9 percent of the eggs from the normal BMI group had disorganized chromosomes.
Dr. Racowsky points out that this study only used eggs that were stimulated through IVF and that failed to fertilize, so it is not known if these results can be broadly applied to all eggs.
I cannot wait to get my sick care insurance rebate check.

Cranberries Show Weak Power to Prevent UTIs

Say it ain't so.
Antibiotics work better than cranberries or lactobacilli in preventing recurrent urinary tract infections, 2 new studies show.
Now how is it possible that real medication works better than woo-woo?

Go figger.

Tuesday, October 09, 2012

With Medicaid, Long-Term Care of Elderly Looms as a Rising Cost

Two words - Anabolic Clinic (sm).
Medicaid has long conjured up images of inner-city clinics jammed with poor families. Its far less-visible role is as the only safety net for millions of middle-class people whose needs for long-term care, at home or in a nursing home, outlast their resources.

With baby boomers and their parents living longer than ever, few families can count on their own money to go the distance. So while Medicare has drawn more attention in the election campaign, seniors and their families may have even more at stake in the future of Medicaid changes — those proposed, and others already under way.

Though former President Bill Clinton overstated in his convention speech on Wednesday how much Medicaid spends on the elderly in nursing homes — they account for well under a third, not nearly two-thirds, of spending — Medicaid spends more than five times as much on each senior in long-term care as it does on each poor child, and even more per person on the disabled in long-term care.
What is important is the independence you lose and the resulting reliance on the government for care.

You have to be an idiot, or worse, to let that happen.


Take anabolics.


Go here, here and here.

Eat Dessert First? It Might Help You Control Your Diet

Or it might not. Wanna bet on which one prevails?
Consumers watching their diet should pay close attention to the amount of unhealthy foods they eat, but can relax when it comes to healthier options, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.
What could possibly go wrong?

Small Molecules Can Help Fight Obesity

No they can't as this article proves.
A recent study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, has revealed that there is a link between cellular metabolism and microRNAs. This indicates that a medication developed to hinder these small molecules may work to fight obesity.
All you have is another "maybe."

Well, what works with certainty is fewer Calories in than out.

The size of anything else matters not.

Monday, October 08, 2012

Report: US health care system wastes $750B a year

Probably more.

It is called paying for fat people's diseases of choice.
The U.S. health care system squanders $750 billion a year — roughly 30 cents of every medical dollar — through unneeded care, byzantine paperwork, fraud and other waste...
That is the real "unneeded care...and other waste."

Silent heart attacks are common and predict risk of death, MRI diagnosis shows

More good news for fat people.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is more effective than electrocardiography (ECG) at identifying "silent" heart attacks, also known as unrecognized myocardial infarctions, according to a study performed by National Institutes of Health researchers and international colleagues. Overall, the study found that silent heart attacks are more frequent than previous studies have reported, particularly in certain populations such as older adults with diabetes. Silent heart attacks appear to be much more common than those with recognized symptoms. "Prevalence and Prognosis of Unrecognized Myocardial Infarction Determined by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance in Older Adults" will be published Sept. 5 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

The study involved 936 participants aged 67 to 93 years, enrolled in the Age Gene/Environment Susceptibility-Reykjavik Study (AGES). Of the participants, 670 were randomly selected and 266 were selected because they were known to have diabetes. Because 71 of the randomly selected participants also had diabetes, the overall study population consisted of 337 people who had diabetes and 599 who did not.

Cardiac MRI indicated that more participants, both with and without diabetes, had silent heart attacks (21 and 14 percent, respectively) than recognized heart attacks (11 and 9 percent, respectively). ECG was less effective, detecting silent heart attacks in only five percent of the participants in both groups. Silent heart attacks identified by cardiac MRI were associated with a higher risk of mortality during the study period, while silent heart attacks identified by ECG were not. However, participants who had either form of heart attack were significantly more likely to die than those who had neither.

The analysis also found that people with silent heart attacks displayed many cardiovascular risk factors associated with recognized heart attacks, such as high blood pressure and evidence of atherosclerosis (a disease in which plaque builds up inside the arteries). Yet, fewer study participants who had a silent heart attack were taking medications such as statins or aspirin compared with survivors of recognized heart attacks (36 percent vs. 73 percent).

The study authors suggest that people who may have an increased risk for silent heart attacks, such as older people with diabetes, may benefit from following cardiovascular disease prevention methods, given the high prevalence of silent heart attacks and their association with increased mortality.
Type 2 diabetes is fat person diabetes.

Kudos, fatsos.

Even The Elderly Benefit From Exercise

Two words - Anabolic Clinic (sm).

Better than exercise since exercise is useless or worse.

Add training and you are there!
In a recent study, carried out by Dr. Louis Bherer, PhD (Psychology), Laboratory Director and Researcher at the Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal (IUGM), researchers have discovered that the benefits of exercise are positive for all seniors, including those who are considered frail. The findings, published in the Journals of Gerontology, said these advantages appeared after just three months and specifically included increased cognitive and physical abilities, as well as quality of life.

These findings are exceptional because increased life expectancy will add to the number of frail seniors in our population. Characteristics of frailness include decreased functional reserves in a person, which leads to adverse health effects and vulnerability to stressors. Frailty is related to more hospitalizations, psychological distress, risk of falls, and cognitive deterioration. To date, in seniors over the age of 85, 37% percent are considered to be frail, as well as 7% of seniors from 65 to 74 and 18% of those between 75 to 85.

Dr. Bherer commented:

"For the first time, frail senior citizens have participated in a study on exercise thanks to the collaboration of medical doctors at IUGM, who provided close medical supervision. My team was able to demonstrate that sedentary and frail senior citizens can benefit from major improvements not only in terms of physical function but also brain function, such as memory, and quality of life,"
EVEN the elderly?

Just about everyone can benefit from training.

Age is no bar.

Sunday, October 07, 2012

CBO: Federal Healthcare Spending To Surpass All Discretionary Spending By 2016

'Cause we pay for the chronic diseases of choice that fat people get.
Under current law, federal health care spending is on pace to exceed all discretionary spending by 2016, according to the Congressional Budget Office (CBO).
The change is due to large increases in Medicare and Medicaid spending and added spending under the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) over the next decade, a feat the Tax Foundation calls a “truly unprecedented and scary” scenario.

The nonpartisan tax research group analyzed recent CBO projections of the budget for 2012 to 2022, finding that over the next decade Medicare spending will increase from $550 billion to $1.064 trillion, while Medicaid would more than double from $253 billion to $592 billion.

In addition, new exchanges and subsidies under Obamacare will force mandatory healthcare expenditures to grow from $25 billion to $181 billion in 2022.
To put it in milder, kinder and gentler terms:

F**k the calorically irresponsible.

Fack Barack.

F**k Obamacare.

Any questions?

'Fitness And Fatness': Not All Obese People Have The Same Prognosis

The new look of healthy:

People can be obese but metabolically healthy and fit, with no greater risk of developing or dying from cardiovascular disease or cancer than normal weight people, according to the largest study ever to have investigated this, which is published the European Heart Journal.

The findings show there is a subset of obese people who are metabolically healthy - they don't suffer from conditions such as insulin resistance, diabetes and high cholesterol or blood pressure - and who have a higher level of fitness, as measured by how well the heart and lungs perform, than other obese people. Being obese does not seem to have a detrimental effect on their health, and doctors should bear this in mind when considering what, if any, interventions are required, say the researchers.

"It is well known that obesity is linked to a large number of chronic disease such as cardiovascular problems and cancer. However, there appears to be a sub-set of obese people who seem to be protected from obesity-related metabolic complications," said the first author of the study, Dr Francisco Ortega (PhD). "They may have greater cardio-respiratory fitness than other obese individuals, but, until now, it was not known the extent to which these metabolically healthy but obese people are at lower risk of diseases or premature death."
We will see.

In the meantime, it is still better not to be a porker.

Fish oils 'help slow age decline'

Wanna bet?
Moderate exercise, and a regular intake of oily fish fatty acids, keeps elderly immobility at bay, a study suggests.

Findings of a recent trial show that women aged over 65 who received omega-3 fatty acids gained almost twice as much muscle strength following exercise than those taking olive oil.
Think the "moderate" physical activity had any part in it?

BTW, there is almost no way that anyone will gain muscle strength by simply exercising.

They would have to train.

Saturday, October 06, 2012

If People Don't Take Their Health Into Their Own Hands, Governments May Use Policies To Do It For Them


Have these people been asleep the last few years?
Obesity rates in North America are a growing concern for legislators. Expanded waistlines mean rising health-care costs for maladies such as diabetes, heart disease and some cancers. One University of Alberta researcher says that if people do not take measures to get healthy, they may find that governments will throw their weight into administrative measures designed to help us trim the fat.

Nola Ries of the Faculty of Law's Health Law and Science Policy Group has recently published several articles exploring potential policy measures that could be used to promote healthier behaviour. From the possibility of zoning restrictions on new fast-food outlet locations, mandatory menu labels, placing levies on items such as chips and pop or offering cash incentives for leading a more healthy and active lifestyle, she says governments at all levels are looking to adopt measures that will help combat both rising health-care costs and declining fitness levels. But she cautions that finding a solution to such a widespread, complex problem will require a multi-layered approach.
Only one policy needs to be adopted.

Having people pay for the consequences of their uncontrolled caloric intake.

No other policy will work.

No other policy is needed.



You Can Be Overweight And Healthy, Research Suggests

And you can run traffic lights and STOP signs without hitting another vehicle.
According to a new study at the University of South Carolina, people can be obese yet just as physically healthy and fit, or "metabolically fit", as their counterparts with normal body weights, while having no greater chance of heart disease or cancer.

"Metabolically fit", scientists explained, means the person exercises regularly, has no high cholesterol, no high blood pressure, or raised blood sugar.

After analyzing 43,000 Americans, the results, which were published in the European Heart Journal, showed that even though some individuals are classified as overweight, it may not necessarily mean that they are in danger of any health issues.
It is only when your luck runs out that there is a problem.

And problems there will more than likely be.

Lose the weight, fatso.

If Parents Want To Increase Their Children's Activity, They Should Increase Their Own

Yes. (see here - The Fit To Parent (tm) Program)

What a concept!

Parents trying to be good examples to their children.
Parents concerned about their children's slothful ways can do something about it, according to research at National Jewish Health. They can increase their own activity. In the...Journal of Physical Activity and Health, Kristen Holm, PhD, Assistant Professor of Medicine at National Jewish Health, and her colleagues report that, when parents increase their daily activity, as measured by a pedometer, their children increase theirs as well.

"It has long been known that parent and child activity levels are correlated," said Dr. Holm. "This is the first intervention-based study to prospectively demonstrate that when parents increase their activity, children increase theirs as well. The effect was more pronounced on weekends."
Too bad it will not catch-on.

Friday, October 05, 2012

The Benefits of Middle-Age Fitness

Two words - Anabolic Clinic (sm).
Americans are living longer, with our average life expectancy now surpassing 78 years, up from less than 74 years in 1980. But we are not necessarily living better. The incidence of a variety of chronic diseases, like diabetes, cancer and heart disease, has also been growing dramatically, particularly among people who are not yet elderly.

The convergence of those two developments has led to what some researchers have identified as a “lengthening of morbidity.” That means we are spending more years living with chronic disease and ill health — not the outcome that most of us would hope for from a prolonged life span.
After around age 40, improving fitness becomes near-impossible since one is no longer anabolic.

This means that they cannot become anaerobically fitter.

To do so, one has to take anabolic substances.

There is no way around it.

For more info see here and here.

Organic Food Has No Benefits Over Conventional Food, Says Study

Not true.
Overall, organic foods are not nutritionally superior to conventional foods, neither are they safer regarding bacterial contamination, researchers from Stanford University School of Medicine reported in Annals of Internal Medicine. The scientists emphasized that they did not find any significant evidence pointing to nutritional benefits linked to the consumption of organic foods. They did, however, find "weak evidence" of higher phenol levels in organic produce.

While eating organic vegetables and fruits does mean that the consumer has approximately 30% less exposure to pesticide residues, conventional foods are well below threshold limits set by regulatory authorities anyway, the authors explained.
They benefit IMHO predators like Whore Foods by making them a bundle from selling bulls**t.

Obesity And Metabolic Syndrome Associated With Impaired Brain Function In Adolescents

Why Jane and Johnnie can't read.
A new study by researchers at NYU School of Medicine reveals for the first time that metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with cognitive and brain impairments in adolescents and calls for pediatricians to take this into account when considering the early treatment of childhood obesity.
Perhaps this explains Detroit.

Thursday, October 04, 2012

Lunch Trays Got Too Lean in City’s Fight Against Fat

More evidence that Michelle Obama is an idiot and the School Nutrition Lunch Program could not be the cause of childhood obesity,
Worried that children were losing the war on obesity, New York City began to slim down its school lunch offerings several years ago, replacing fries with baked potato strips and introducing nonfat chocolate milk, whole grain pasta and salad bars, among other tweaks. In the process, the city also cut calories. So much so, city officials now acknowledge, that it often served children fewer calories than required by the federal government.

The Bloomberg administration has often found itself stymied by the powers of Albany or Washington in its policy goals, including enacting congestion pricing, erecting a stadium on the West Side of Manhattan, taxing soda or banning the use of food stamps for sugar-sweetened beverages.

But in the case of the 860,000 school lunches served daily, it ignored a set of United States Department of Agriculture requirements written in 1994, without seeking permission. City health and education officials said their aim was not to lower calories, but rather to increase the nutritional value of the foods reaching students’ mouths. But as it slowly began re-engineering those foods, there was a “secondary response,” said Cathy Nonas, a senior adviser in the city’s health department. “It dropped the calories and at sometimes below what the U.S.D.A. had as a minimum,” she said.
This is entirely consistent with what we were saying at Fitness Watch years ago based on the government's own data from SNDA II and SNDA III.

It remains impossible for anyone to get fat by consuming too few Calories.

Vitamin D Supplements Do Not Improve Cholesterol As Previous Research Suggested

Bad news for the cure du jour.
Vitamin D has been touted for its beneficial effects on a range of human systems, from enhancing bone health to reducing the risk of developing certain cancers. But it does not improve cholesterol levels, according to a new study conducted at The Rockefeller University Hospital. A team of scientists has shown that, at least in the short term, cholesterol levels did not improve when volunteers with vitamin D deficiency received mega-doses of vitamin D. The finding is published in the journal Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology.
This stuff probably can't do 90% of what it is "touted" to do.

Almost all studies are association studies.

Very few are cause-and-effect.

Pressuring Children To Eat Increases Risk Of Obesity

Ya think it's the Calories?
New research in the September issue of Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, the official journal of the Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, suggests that children's risk of obesity may become reduced if parents join an education program that shows them how to take the pressure off their kids to eat.

In order to take the pressure off of children to eat certain foods, parents should be educated in an approach based on "division of responsibility" (DOR) for eating, according to a team led by Dr. W. Stewart Agras of Stanford University.
How stupid are parents and researchers that there is a need for education to prevent moms and dads from force-feeding their kids like geese for pâté?

If you are that stupid, get educated, but pay for it yourself, moron.

Wednesday, October 03, 2012

Obese Parents, High Screen Time Top Child Overweight Risks

What we have been telling you for years.
To reduce the prevalence of overweight in children, interventions should be aimed at family and social environments, and children should spend less time with televisions and computers, according to an article published Pediatrics.

Sandra Plachta-Danielzik, PhD, from the Institute of Human Nutrition and Food Science, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Germany, and colleagues conducted a systematic analysis of a subset of the population in the database for the International Consortium on Obesity Prevention in Children and Adolescents (PreVENT). From 4 population-based studies in the database conducted between 1996 and 2008, they reviewed the records of 34,240 children and adolescents aged 3 to 18 years.

For the first time, the researchers studied how the determinants of overweight in children relate to population characteristics, including parental weight and education levels, maternal smoking during pregnancy, physical activity (structured or unstructured), screen time, sleep duration, consumption of fruits and vegetables, and adolescent smoking. They also took under consideration parental smoking habits and single parenthood. Their primary measure was attributable risk (AR), which, as opposed to just a risk factor, takes into account the strength of the association between a determinant and outcome, plus the prevalence of exposure in a population.

"[A]ll determinants were significantly associated with overweight except for short sleep duration, low physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption, and smoking." the researchers write. "Premature infants had a lower risk of overweight ([odds ratio (OR),] 0.8 [95% (confidence interval [CI]): 0.6–0.9]). High ORs were found for parental overweight and obesity, followed by a high media time and a high birth weight."
Fat parents have fat kids.



Scientists Have Way To Control Sugars That Lead To Diabetes, Obesity

So do laypeople.
Scientists can now turn on or off the enzymes responsible for processing starchy foods into sugars in the human digestive system, a finding they believe will allow them to better control those processes in people with type 2 diabetes and obesity.
It is called "don't eat so much of them."

Pressuring Children To Eat Increases Risk Of Obesity

New research in the September issue of Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, the official journal of the Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, suggests that children's risk of obesity may become reduced if parents join an education program that shows them how to take the pressure off their kids to eat.

In order to take the pressure off of children to eat certain foods, parents should be educated in an approach based on "division of responsibility" (DOR) for eating, according to a team led by Dr. W. Stewart Agras of Stanford University.

The finding supports the theory that the DOR approach can improve a healthy development of appetite and eating behaviors in young children.

The finding supports the Law of Thermodynamics - the fewer the Calories you eat, the less your likelihood of getting fat.

Tuesday, October 02, 2012

Obesity Can Lower Children's IQ

Fat parents have fat kids. Fat parents have stupid kids.
Obese children, as well as kids with metabolic syndrome are more likely to be behind their normal-weight peers in spelling, mental flexibility, arithmetic and overall cognitive scores, researchers from New York University School of Medicine and the Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, New York, reported in the journal Pediatrics.
Stop the nutritional child abuse.

People can be fat yet fit, research suggests

But they are not.
At least most of them aren't.
People can be obese yet physically healthy and fit and at no greater risk of heart disease or cancer than normal weight people, say researchers.

The key is being "metabolically fit", meaning no high blood pressure, cholesterol or raised blood sugar, and exercising, according to experts. Looking at data from over 43,000 US people they found that being overweight per se did not pose a big health risk.

The results are published in the European Heart Journal. In the study at the University of South Carolina, more than a third of the participants were obese. Of these 18,500, half were assessed as metabolically healthy after a physical examination and lab tests.

This subset of metabolically healthy obese people who did not suffer from conditions such as diabetes, high cholesterol or high blood pressure, were generally fitter and exercised more than the other obese people. And their risk of developing or dying from cardiovascular disease or cancer was identical to people of ideal weight and was half that of "metabolically less fit" obese people.

"These studies remind us that it is not always your weight that's important, but where you carry fat and also how it affects your health and fitness”

Lead researcher Dr Francisco Ortega, who currently works at the University of Granada in Spain, said the findings show that getting more exercise can keep you healthier, even if you still carry a bit of extra weight. "This research highlights once again the important role of physical fitness as a health marker."

Most of the men and women in the study came from a similar background, meaning the results may not apply to everyone. They were mostly Caucasian, well educated, and worked in executive or professional positions.

Amy Thompson, of the British Heart Foundation, said: "In the majority of cases, obesity is an undeniable risk factor for developing coronary heart disease. However, these studies remind us that it is not always your weight that's important, but where you carry fat and also how it affects your health and fitness.

"It is particularly important to be aware of your weight if you are carrying excess fat around your middle. The fat cells here are really active, producing toxic substances that cause damage which can lead to heart disease.
You're still better off not being fat.

Knee Replacements on the Rise in the U.S.

'cause of the fat.
More seniors are getting their knees replaced with artificial joints, according to a new study of Medicare data.

Researchers found that over the last two decades, the number of first-time knee replacements and re-do procedures more than doubled in the U.S...

Dr. Cram and his colleagues found that between 1991 and 2010, the number of people seeking primary or revision knee replacements grew much faster than the number of elderly patients covered under Medicare: the rate of primary surgeries doubled and the rate of re-dos increased by almost 60%.

At the same time, the proportion of knee replacement patients with underlying health problems such as diabetes and obesity also doubled.
Kudos, fatsos.

Reubin Andres, an Advocate of Weight Gain, Dies at 89

I agree that older folks should weigh more.

I advise older people to shoot for BMIs in the 23+ range.
Dr. Reubin Andres, a gerontologist who advanced the study of diabetes but gained his widest attention for arguing controversially that weight gain in older people increases longevity, died on Sept. 23 at his home in Baltimore. He was 89.
The issue is the energy needed to fight illness as one ages.

The body's tissues contain Calories.

Diseases are catabolic, i.e., they break tissue down.

The more tissue, i.e., Calories, an older person carries on his or her body (up to a point), the better able they are to sustain and survive the loss of tissue.

That is another reason why Anabolic Medicine tm is so important.

Monday, October 01, 2012

Peter Praeger, a Surgeon With a Health Food Company, Dies at 65

There are no "healthy" foods.

There is only eating healthily.
Dr. Peter Praeger, a heart surgeon who saved a man’s life and as a result wound up owning a gefilte fish company — and who as a result of that wound up starting a successful natural-foods company — died on Sept. 22 in Hackensack, N.J. He was 65.
BTW, is that the picture of a fit person?

And this guy sells/sold his stuff to others.

Just like Barry Sears, et al.

What Is Persistent Genital Arousal Disorder (PGAD)?

It's a disorder?
Persistent Genital Arousal Disorder, also known as PGAD or Restless Genital Syndrome or Persistent Genital Arousal Syndrome, is a condition characterized by unrelenting, spontaneous and uncontainable genital arousal in females. The condition may or may not include arousal with orgasm and/or genital engorgement. The patient's arousal is not linked to sexual desire.

PGAD has only recently been classed in medical literature as a distinct syndrome. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV does not recognize PGAD as a diagnosable medical condition. There are a growing number of reports describing a similar condition in males.
And I thought it was normal.

(Sorry, could not resist)

Healthy Lifestyle May Improve Longevity Even Into Old Age

A healthy lifestyle may improve longevity even into old age, according to a population-based cohort study published the British Medical Journal.
I repeat.


Kids' Sleep Problems Linked to Educational Issues

Guess who has sleep problems. Fat kids!
Pediatric sleep disorders have long been associated with cognitive, behavioral, and linguistic problems in the children who have them. Now a new study suggests that sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and other sleep problems in the first 5 years of life are associated with an increased chance that a child will have special educational needs (SENs) at age 8 years... The 18-, 30-, 42-, and 57-month questionnaires also contained 7 questions about behavioral sleep problems (BSPs), such as the child's refusal to go to bed, early awakening, and regular nightmares or inability to sleep through the night. Affirmative answers on at least 5 questions were considered indicative of a BSP. Children of multiple births, those who survived less than 1 year, and those who had conditions related to sleep disorders or SENs were excluded. The analysis was adjusted for many confounders, such as maternal cigarette smoking, child's ethnicity, adequacy of housing, presence of family stressors such as crime or financial adversity, birth weight, and gestational age. Children with a BSP had a cumulative mean IQ of 101.80 (standard deviation [SD], 15.61) across all time points compared with a mean of 105.76 (SD, 16.28) for children without BSPs (P < .001). The mean IQ for children with the "worst" SDB symptom cluster (elevated symptom levels that begin at 18 months of age, remain high, and peak at 30 months) was 102.4 (SD, 16.25) compared with a mean of 106.41 (SD, 16.07) for children deemed "normal" (asymptomatic at all time points; P < .001).
More nutritional child abuse.