An Oprah threat to your health and the health of your children? Have you been misled?

Find out at or

See FTC complaints about Oprah and her diet experts at

Saturday, June 30, 2012

Sleep Apnea Hurts Kids' Brain Function

Fat people have fat kids.

Fat kids get sleep apnea.
Obstructive sleep apnea in children produces chemical changes in brain areas associated with learning, memory, and executive function, a researcher said here.
More nutritional child abuse.

Fat parents and fat kids are stupid.

Sleep Apnea Tied to Hikes in Cancer, Death

Fat people get sleep apnea.
Obstructive sleep apnea may be associated with an increased risk of cancer incidence and death, according to two studies presented here at the annual meeting of the American Thoracic Society.
More diseases of choice for which we should not pay.

Snacking On Raisins Controls Hunger, Promotes Satiety In Children

A con or what?
New research recently announced at the Canadian Nutrition Society annual meeting in Vancouver, B.C., suggests eating raisins as an after-school snack prevents excessive calorie intake and increases satiety - or feeling of fullness - as compared to other commonly consumed snacks.

The study, funded by a grant from the California Raisin Marketing Board, was conducted among 26 normal-weight boys and girls ages 8 - 11 during a three-month timeframe. Study participants were randomly assigned to eat raisins or other snacks, including grapes, potato chips or chocolate chip cookies, until they were comfortably full. Additionally, each child received the same standardized breakfast, morning snack and lunch on test days. Subjective appetite was measured before and immediately after snack consumption at 15-minute intervals.
Note that the kids were "normal-weight" to begin with and that the PR firm that sent out this blurb did not mention any objective weight findings.

Here is the source of this "article."

But it looked so legit.

Do not believe all that you read.

Friday, June 29, 2012

Healthy Eating By Parents Sets A Good Example To Their Children

Fat parents have fat kids.
If lower-income mothers want kids with healthy diets, it's best to adopt healthy eating habits themselves and encourage their children to eat good foods rather than use force, rewards or punishments, says a Michigan State University study.

The study, which appears in a recent issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, is one of a few that focuses on the eating habits of low-income families. The results demonstrate that the mothers who led by example and persuaded, rather than ordered, their kids to eat their vegetables had kids with healthier diets, said Sharon Hoerr, MSU professor of food science and human nutrition.
It ain't gonna work.

Fat parents do not care if they sicken or kill their children.

If they did, they would not be fat; they would not get their kids fat.

Plan to Tax Soda Gets a Mixed Reception

It is because of pigs like this that the rest of us suffer.
Even here at a sweaty Zumba class sponsored by a nonprofit group called Weigh of Life, the city’s proposal for a one-cent-per-ounce tax on sugar-sweetened beverages, which is to appear on the November ballot, meets up against the hard realities of residents’ lives.

“What don’t I have?” asked Rita Cerda, a longtime soda devotee, ticking off her ailments, including diabetes, high blood pressure and asthma. She is also overweight.

“I have problems drinking water,” she said. “I don’t like water.”

The proposed tax, a license fee on businesses selling sweetened drinks, would require owners of bodegas, theaters, convenience stores and other outlets to tally ounces sold and, presumably, pass the cost on to customers. It is the most visible West Coast municipal challenge yet to Big Soda, as advocates are fond of calling it.

Pending voter approval, money from the tax, which has been championed by Dr. Jeff Ritterman, a cardiologist turned City Council member, would go toward fighting childhood obesity through more bike lanes, nutritional education and after-school sports programs. Already a contentious issue locally, the potential tax is also being viewed as a beachhead by a coalition of beverage manufacturers, merchant groups and labor unions who are organizing to defeat it.
And IMHO moron docs like Ritterman, too.

No way, no how this will work.

Worse than a waste.

A pipe dream.

New Community Approach Recommended To Lower Increasing Rates Of Childhood Obesity

It takes a village to raise a fat kid.
National data show that currently more than 10 percent of preschoolers in the United States are obese, and an additional 10 percent are overweight. In a recently published article, a researcher from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, in collaboration with peers and colleagues from across the nation, says that effective strategies to target pregnancy, infancy, and toddlers are urgently needed to stop the progression of childhood obesity.
Most adults are fat.

Raising village idiots by having village idiots raise children.

And idiot researchers, too.

Thursday, June 28, 2012

Exercise More Important Than Diet in Children's Body Fat

Not likely.
How much of a child's body is fat and how much is lean depends more on physical activity than on diet, researchers reported here at the American College of Sports Medicine 59th Annual Meeting.

A study of 734 middleclass Australian children of average weight showed that those with a higher ratio of fat to lean were more active, but actually consumed fewer calories. "The kids who are fatter eat less and they exercise a hell of a lot more," said Richard D. Telford, PhD, an exercise physiologist at the Australian National University in Canberra...

Dr. Telford showed a graph of percent body fat and Physical Activity Index scores (approximately equal to the square root of the number of steps per day); increased body fat correlated with increased physical activity in a straight line...

Dr. Telford and colleagues also found a correlation between diet and body fat for boys, but it was the opposite of what they expected. The fatter boys consumed less sugar, less fat, fewer carbohydrate calories, and fewer total calories than the leaner ones.
Fat kids allegedly eat fewer Calories and exercise more.

Sounds as if exercise is not important, unless you want to get fat.


PCB Exposure Linked to Increased Abdominal Fat

No it is not.
There is a correlation between high levels of the environmental toxin PCB and the distribution of body fat to the abdomen.
The only correlation is exposure to Calories.

The rest is exposure to excuses.

Life Expectancy Of Women In Their 70s Extended By Exercise And A Healthy Diet Of Fruits And Vegetables

Not implausible. Not necessarily good.
Women in their seventies who exercise and eat healthy amounts of fruits and vegetables have a longer life expectancy, according to research published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Researchers at the University of Michigan and Johns Hopkins University studied 713 women aged 70 to 79 years who took part in the Women's Health and Aging Studies. This study was designed to evaluate the causes and course of physical disability in older women living in the community.

"A number of studies have measured the positive impact of exercise and healthy eating on life expectancy, but what makes this study unique is that we looked at these two factors together," explains lead author, Dr. Emily J Nicklett, from the University of Michigan School of Social Work.

Researchers found that the women who were most physically active and had the highest fruit and vegetable consumption were eight times more likely to survive the five-year follow-up period than the women with the lowest rates.

To estimate the amount of fruits and vegetables the women ate, the researchers measured blood levels of carotenoids - beneficial plant pigments that the body turns into antioxidants, such as beta-carotene. The more fruits and vegetables consumed, the higher the levels of carotenoids in the bloodstream.

Study participants' physical activity was measured through a questionnaire that asked the amount of time the spent doing various levels of physical activity, which was then converted to the number of calories expended.

The women were then followed up to establish the links between healthy eating, exercise and survival rates.

Key research findings included:
More than half of the 713 participants (53%) didn't do any exercise, 21% were moderately active, and the remaining 26% were in the most active group at the study's outset.
During the five-year follow up, 11.5% of the participants died. Serum carotenoid levels were 12% higher in the women who survived and total physical activity was more than twice as high.
Women in the most active group at baseline had a 71% lower five-year death rate than the women in the least active group.
Women in the highest carotenoid group at baseline had a 46% lower five-year death rate than the women in the lowest carotenoid group.
When taken together, physical activity levels and total serum carotenoids predicted better survival.
Among the problems with research like this is no mention of quality of life, how much longer these folks lived and what drugs kept them going, etc.

These data would be of some value, IMHO.

Wednesday, June 27, 2012

Curing Diabetes Via Surgery, Without Weight Loss

Not even close.
Cristina Iaboni had the dubious distinction of being not quite obese enough. For all the pounds on her 5'5" frame, she did not meet the criteria for bariatric surgery to help control her type-2 diabetes.

Yet six years of medications and attempts at healthy living had failed to rein in her blood glucose. Then in 2009, the 45-year-old Connecticut wife, mother of two and head of human resources for a Fortune 500 company met with Dr. Francisco Rubino of Weill Cornell Medical Center in New York. He had just received approval to study experimental surgery on diabetics with a relatively lean weight-to-height ratio. Iaboni was among his first subjects.

Three years on, she has dropped 50 pounds to reach a healthy 145 and has normal blood pressure without medication. More remarkably, Iaboni no longer has diabetes.

She is not the first patient with diabetes to be cured by weight-loss surgery. But she is a rarity for having it with a BMI well below 35, the level at which the American Diabetes Association says surgery "may be considered" and that Medicare and some private insurers cover. And Iaboni's diabetes disappeared months before she shed much weight.
Even the article admits she lost weight.

It does not say what "not much" equals.
Bariatric surgeons have long been prone to declaring victory against diabetes way too soon, before large-scale, long-term data proved their case. "The evidence for the success of bariatric surgery in patients with a BMI below 35 is not very strong," said Dr. Leonid Poretsky, director of the Friedman Diabetes Institute at Beth Israel Medical Center in New York City. "Most of the studies have been very small and not well controlled."

The American Diabetes Association rates the evidence that bariatric surgery can cure diabetes as "E," the lowest of four grades. It calls data on patients with a BMI below 35 "insufficient," and says the procedure cannot be recommended except as part of research.

BP Overtreatment for Diabetics May Be as Common as Undertreatment at VA

Type 2 diabetes is fat person diabetes.
The efforts by the Veterans Administration (VA) to ensure that all hypertensive diabetic patients receive appropriate blood-pressure medication has been so successful that many patients may be "overtreated," results of a new study show.

The study by Dr Eve Kerr (Department of Veterans Affairs, Ann Arbor Healthcare System, MI) and colleagues, published online May 28, 2012 in the Archives of Internal Medicine, shows that the VA has made impressive progress in reducing undertreatment of hypertension in diabetic patients at its hospitals. But it now "appears that in the VA, rates of potential overtreatment are currently approaching, and perhaps even exceeding, the rate of undertreatment and that high rates of achieving current performance measurement targets are directly associated with medication escalation that may increase risk for patients," the authors conclude.
Lose the weight.

Lose the elevated BP.

Lose the clinical diabetes.

Lose the drug risk.

Gain plenty.

Weight Struggles? Blame New Neurons in Your Hypothalamus

Why not? They cannot defend themselves.
New nerve cells formed in a select part of the brain could hold considerable sway over how much you eat and consequently weigh, new animal research by Johns Hopkins scientists suggests...
But if you want to be less fat, blame yourself.

That way you can do something about it.

Tuesday, June 26, 2012

Vitamin D Supplementation May Prevent Age-Related Disability

Another meaningless "association" study masquerading as science.
Older adults who don't get enough vitamin D - either from diet, supplements or sun exposure - may be at increased risk of developing mobility limitations and disability, according to new research from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.

"This is one of the first studies to look at the association of vitamin D and the onset of new mobility limitations or disability in older adults," said lead author Denise Houston, Ph.D., R.D., a nutrition epidemiologist in the Wake Forest Baptist Department of Geriatrics and Gerontology. Houston researches vitamin D and its effects on physical function.
Forget the Vitamin D.

Use Vitamin T - training.

The one that actually works.

Global Cancer Rates to Skyrocket by 2030

In no small part because people are too fat.
The global burden of cancer will surge more than 75% by the year 2030, new research shows.

"On the basis of projected global population changes and the observed trends of several common cancers, we predict the global number of new cancer cases to rise to 22.2 million by 2030 — a 75% increase from the 12.7 million cases estimated for 2008," first author Freddie Bray, PhD, from the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in Lyon, France, told Medscape Medical News.

Dr. Bray said this study demonstrates "not only how an increasing cancer burden will fall predominantly on countries that are in the process of social and economic transition, but also that the types of cancer that are most common are changing."

"The broad range of countries for which the 'Westernization' effect is in operation is a startling observation," he added.

The study is published online June 1 in the Lancet Oncology.

Unique Study

The researchers used estimates of the worldwide incidence and mortality of 27 cancers in 184 countries in 2008 contained in the IARC GLOBOCAN database. They projected how the cancer burden is likely to change by 2030 in light of predicted changes in population size, aging, and trends in incidence rates of the most common types of cancer in different countries.

"This is the first overview of cancer burden to describe the cancer incidence and mortality patterns and trends in relation to the Human Development Index [HDI], a summary indicator based on life expectancy, education, and income in a given country," said Dr. Bray.

The researchers report that countries with a low HDI score (predominantly in sub-Saharan Africa) currently have a high incidence of cancers associated with infection, particularly cervical cancer and, depending on region or country, cancer of the stomach and liver and Kaposi's sarcoma.

In contrast, countries with a high HDI score currently have a greater burden of cancers more commonly associated with smoking, reproductive factors, obesity, and diet.
Kudos, fatsos.

Pioglitazone Once Again Linked to Bladder Cancer Risk

Type 2 diabetes is fat person diabetes.
Pioglitazone is associated with an increased risk for incident bladder cancer among persons with type 2 diabetes, according to the results of a nested case-control study published online May 31 in the British Medical Journal. Risk doubled in patients treated with pioglitazone for 2 years or more.
Lose the weight.

Lose the clinical diabetes.

Lose the risk from the drugs.

Monday, June 25, 2012

New York Plans to Ban Sale of Big Sizes of Sugary Drinks

A drop in the bucket.
New York City plans to enact a far-reaching ban on the sale of large sodas and other sugary drinks at restaurants, movie theaters and street carts, in the most ambitious effort yet by the Bloomberg administration to combat rising obesity.
Might make a small difference, if at all.

To make a real difference, ban the sale of (or heavily tax) stuff that is used almost exclusively by big, fat people, e.g., big size clothing, fatso wheelchairs, etc.

Confirming Link Between The Mediterranean Diet And Quality Of Life

But appears bad for anger management.
For years the Mediterranean diet has been associated with a lesser chance of illness and increased well-being. A new study has now linked it to mental and physical health too.

The Mediterranean diet, which is characterised by the consumption of fruit, vegetables, pulses, fish, olive oil and nuts, has been proven to be beneficial to the health in terms of a lesser chance of chronic illness and a lower mortality rate.

A new study headed by the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and the University of Navarra took the next step and analysed the influence of the Mediterranean diet on the quality of life of a sample of more than 11,000 university students over a period of four years.

"The progressive aging of the population in developed countries makes it even more interesting to find out those factors that can increase quality of life and the health of the population," as explained to SINC by Patricia Henríquez Sánchez, researcher at the centre in the Canary Islands and lead author of the study.
An interesting quality of life, eh?

Exercise May Be Bad For Some

Exercise is useless for just about everybody. Training is what is helpful.

That said, it seems to be bad for those who can most use it.
A new study suggests that not every healthy person benefits from regular exercise: for a small 7% minority it may increase heart and diabetes risk factors. The researchers did not suggest this should stop people exercising but point to the importance of using this type of knowledge to personalize exercise programs.

Claude Bouchard, a professor of genetics and nutrition in the Human Genomics Laboratory at Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, in the US, was lead author of the study, which was published online in PLoS ONE on 30 May.

Bouchard and colleagues write in their background information that public health guidelines suggest adults should do 150 minutes a week of moderate intensity physical activity, or 75 minutes a week of vigorous intensity activity.

However, it is now well established that different people respond differently to exercise in terms of cardiorespiratory fitness and cardiometabolic and diabetes risk factors.

But the question that still remains, is whether there are people for whom the effect of regular exercise on these risk factors could be harmful.

For their study, Bouchard and colleagues analyzed data from six rigorous studies that looked at the effect of exercise in a total of 1,687 adults.

These studies were the HERITAGE Family Study, the DREW Study, the INFLAME Study, and the STRRIDE Study, plus cohorts from two other studies, one from the University of Maryland and another from the University of Jyvaskyla.

They looked to see how many of the participants experienced an adverse response to exercise, which they defined as an "exercise-induced change that worsens a risk factor beyond measurement error and expected day-to-day variation".

Bouchard and colleagues produced their own parameters for this definition by measuring resting systolic blood pressure (SBP), fasting plasma HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C), triglycerides (TG), and insulin (FI) in 60 people over a period of three weeks.

From these measures they defined an adverse response in these risk factors as: an increase of 10 mm Hg or more for SBP, 0.42 mmol/L or more for TG, or 24 pmol/L or more for FI or a decrease of 0.12 mmol/L or more for HDL-C.
Insulin resistance, high TG and elevated SBP are what fat people do to themselves and are almost certainly bad things.

HDL level is under attack as a poor biomarker.

Bottom line, fat people with IR, TG and SBP will use this data to make excuses.

Sunday, June 24, 2012

Food Industry Needs Closer Monitoring By Public Health Authorities

The last thing the food industry needs.
Starting on the 19 June 2012, PLoS Medicine will feature a major new series with 7 articles over the next three weeks entitled "Big Food", which examines the impact of the food and beverage industry on public health. A discussion between PLoS and guest editors in the new series editorial launch reports about the fact that multinational food and beverage industry's have never been sufficiently scrutinized or raised skepticism regardless of their growing impact on the global health agenda and their major role in the obesity crisis. According to the PLoS Medicine editors:

"Food, unlike tobacco and drugs, is necessary to live and is central to health and disease. And yet the big multinational food companies control what people everywhere eat, resulting in a stark and sick irony: one billion people on the planet are hungry while two billion are obese or overweight."

Large food and beverage companies also play a major role on the global health stage by re-branding their companies as "nutrition companies" and marketing their people as experts in malnutrition, obesity and even poverty at major conferences and UN meetings, - but their primary goal is to drive profit through food sales. The editors therefore raise the question: "Why does the global health community find this acceptable and how do these conflicts of interest play out?" The 3-week long series aims to examine questions like these and debate the food industry's role in the health arena.

Marion Nestle from New York University and David Stuckler from Cambridge University, both guest editors of the PLoS Medicine series say that the public health response Big Food has so far created as a "failure to act," and argue: "Public health professionals must recognize that Big Food's influence on global food systems is a problem, and do what is needed to reach a consensus about how to engage critically... [they] must place as high a priority on nutrition as they do on HIV, infectious diseases, and other disease threats."

Nestler and Stuckler continue:

"They should support initiatives such as restrictions on marketing to children, better nutrition standards for school meals, and taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages. The central aim of public health must be to bring into alignment Big Food's profit motives with public health goals. Without taking direct and concerted action to expose and regulate the vested interests of Big Food, epidemics of poverty, hunger, and obesity are likely to become more acute."
It is because of the experts that diets fail.

They will bring the same doom to this undertaking.

Study: Heavy teens have trouble managing diabetes

And the news is?
New research sends a stark warning to overweight teens: If you develop diabetes, you'll have a very tough time keeping it under control.
They cannot keep their eating under control.

Why should they be able to keep their diabetes under control?

Just Making Two Lifestyle Changes Spurs Big And Lasting Results

More evidence that being too fat is a choice.
Simply ejecting your rear from the couch means your hand will spend less time digging into a bag of chocolate chip cookies.

That is the simple but profound finding of a new Northwestern Medicine study, which reports simply changing one bad habit has a domino effect on others. Knock down your sedentary leisure time and you'll reduce junk food and saturated fats because you're no longer glued to the TV and noshing. It's a two-for-one benefit because the behaviors are closely related.

The study also found the most effective way to rehab a delinquent lifestyle requires two key behavior changes: cutting time spent in front of a TV or computer screen and eating more fruits and vegetables.

"Just making two lifestyle changes has a big overall effect and people don't get overwhelmed," said Bonnie Spring, a professor of preventive medicine at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, and lead author of the study published in Archives of Internal Medicine.
And why the rest of us should choose not to pay for fat people's illnesses of choice.

Saturday, June 23, 2012

Reality Weight-Loss TV Meets Medical Skeptics Over Exercise

You learn something new everyday. For example, I did not know that the word "Huizenga" meant s**t for brains.
Super intensive exercise-based weight-loss programs shed pounds and reduce the risk for diabetes and other cardiovascular risk factors, but the medical community resists this approach, according to the medical advisor on reality TV's Biggest Loser.

"We have to teach people what exercise is. We have to teach doctors what exercise is because, unfortunately, there's a bias in doctors against vigorous exercise," said Robert Huizenga, MD, during a press conference here at the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists 21st Annual Meeting and Clinical Congress. Dr. Huizenga runs a private internal medicine practice in Beverly Hills, California, and is associate clinical professor of medicine at the University of California at Los Angeles.

"If we get away from dumbed-down exercise recommendations, we could see a whole new paradigm for treating type 2 diabetes," he said later during the scientific session.

In a retrospective analysis of 35 contestants, Dr. Huizenga showed how an "exercise-centric" program with only minor dietary restrictions resulted in a mean weight loss of 51.8 kg (36% of body weight) at 29 weeks, and mean reduction in body mass index of 17.1 kg/m² (from a mean baseline of 46.4 kg/m²).

"We had some radical ideas when I was asked in 2003 what to do with a weight-loss show," said Dr. Huizenga. "The preponderance of experts in this country recommend an "attainable" [weight loss] goal of 5% to 10%. We don't believe that."

Dr. Huizenga and his team also do not believe that following current exercise guidelines is helpful. Morbidly obese contestants entering the show are gaining an average of 15 pounds per year doing the recommended 20 minutes of exercise a day, he said. The Biggest Loser program boosts their workouts to 3.7 hours daily — "2 hours vigorous and 2 hours moderate — which is walking," he explained.

Dietary interventions are moderate, he told Medscape Medical News. We aim for calories at 80% of their calculated resting daily energy expenditure, a mix of 30% protein, 25% fat, and 45% of calories as low-glycemic carbohydrates."
Wanna bet how many people would do this crap without the 100s of Ks worth of dollars.

Not to mention the real bucks the IMHO corrupt docs make/charge to oversee this stuff and the staff to implement/impose the torture.

Beware Of Dietary Supplements For Cancer Prevention

More about killer antioxidants and other crap supplements.
Government regulators and the scientific community should work to ensure that they give clear guidance to the public about dietary supplements and cancer risk, according to a commentary published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Evidence from animal, in vitro and observational studies has suggested that taking dietary supplements may lower cancer risk. However, the small number of randomized controlled studies, the gold standard in evidence-based medicine, has not confirmed this - and some studies have actually shown that supplements may increase cancer risk. Still, the supplement industry is booming, with estimated annual sales at $30 billion in the U.S.

To examine the potential role of dietary supplements and cancer risk, Maria Elena Martinez, Ph.D., of the University of California San Diego Moores Cancer Center and colleagues, looked at observational studies of several supplements, including anti-oxidants, folic acid, vitamin D, and calcium. Several observational studies found that diets high in fruits and vegetables were associated with lower risk of certain cancers, including respiratory and gastrointestinal. Specifically, with respect to anti-oxidant supplements, the authors found that: "The importance of oxidative stress for carcinogenesis does not establish that the administration of supplemental antioxidants will protect against the carcinogenesis that oxidative stress may induce." Furthermore, they write, "Supplementation by exogenous antioxidants may well be a two-edged sword; these compounds could, in vivo, serve as pro-oxidants or interfere with any of a number of protective processes such as apoptosis induction." Indeed, several antioxidant trials the researchers examined reported increased cancer risks with supplementation. They looked at trials with supplements using folic acid, vitamin D and calcium, among other compounds.

The researchers caution against taking dietary supplements for cancer prevention, adding that many expert committees and organizations have concluded that nutritional supplements have little or no benefit in cancer prevention. They say that more randomized control trials - spanning many years instead of just a few - are needed to verify the effect of nutritional supplementation in cancer risk.
However, supplements may be a good way to cull the stupid from the population.

Vitamin D: Too Much Can Be As Unhealthy As Too Little

Scientists know that Vitamin D deficiency is not healthy. However, new research from the University of Copenhagen now indicates that too high a level of the essential vitamin is not good either. The study is based on blood samples from 247,574 Copenhageners. The results have just been published in the reputed scientific Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.
Another reason to think twice about supplementing with the cure du jour.

Friday, June 22, 2012

Children's Activity Levels Strongly Influenced By Who They Are Friends With

And you heard it here, first, years ago.
Children whose friends are physically active are much more likely to be physically active themselves, researchers from Vanderbilt University reported in the journal Pediatrics. The authors explained that several previous studies had focused on obesity and social networking in adolescents and adults, but never on younger children.

Sabina B. Gesell, PhD. and team found that friendship bonds play a vital role in setting physical activity trends in children aged between 5 and 12 years.

The researchers gathered data from three waves of files on school-age children who participated in aftercare, 40% of them were African-American, 39% Caucasian, and 19% Latino. They studied information on a total of 81 children.

All the kids had taken part in a 12-week afterschool program to determine whether a child's friendship network might impact on their physical activity patterns.

The researchers used accelerometers to measure physical activity, as well as a survey to identify each child's social network.

They found that a child is six times as likely to adjust to their peers' activity levels than not.
Do not let your kids have fat friends.

Overweight Children at Higher Risk for Liver Cancer as Adults

More nutritional child abuse.
Childhood body mass index (BMI) is positively associated with the risk for primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in adulthood. This association holds for both boys and girls, increases slightly with age, is consistent across birth years, and is unchanged when other known causes of liver cancer are excluded, Jennifer Baker, PhD, from the Institute of Preventive Medicine at Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark, reported here at the 19th European Congress on Obesity (ECO).

Paralleling the worldwide epidemic in childhood obesity is an increase in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which has now become the most common liver disease in children and which is an early step in the progression of changes in the liver that can lead to liver cancer. Dr. Baker and colleagues therefore investigated whether excess weight from ages 7 to 13 years is associated with liver cancer, and in particular, with HCC, in adults.
Stop the abuse.

Night-Shift Work Ups Breast Cancer Risk: New Data

Tough work.
Another study has shown an association between night-shift work and breast cancer. It was conducted in Danish female military workers; many of the previous studies focused on nurses or other people who do shift work, such as flight attendants.
And vampires.

Thursday, June 21, 2012

Preventing Childhood Obesity: A Systems Approach

Fat parents have fat kids.
Currently more than 10% of preschoolers in the U.S. are obese and effective strategies that target pregnancy, infancy, and toddlers are urgently needed to stop the progression of the childhood obesity epidemic, as proposed in an article in Childhood Obesity, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The article is available free online ahead of print on the Childhood Obesity website.*

Evidence increasingly suggests that the risk for childhood obesity begins before and during pregnancy via maternal obesity and excessive gestational weight gain. It is likely that obese preschoolers will continue to be obese later in childhood and they may begin to exhibit adverse effects of obesity as early as 3 years of age.

Based on their review of the evidence from basic science, prevention, and systems research, the authors propose a systems approach to preventing childhood obesity that begins in pregnancy, continues through early life, and combines behavior change interventions with the implementation of environmental changes in communities.
You prevent fat kids by preventing the fat from reproducing.

Otherwise, you play catch-up.

C-section 'may double risk of childhood obesity'

S**t research.
Babies who are delivered through Caesarean section are twice as likely to become obese than those born traditionally, US research suggests.

Researchers from Boston Children's Hospital in Massachusetts found a doubling in the odds of obesity by the time the child was three years old.

The team said birth by C-section might affect bacteria in the gut, which in turn affects the way food is digested.

The study looked at 1,255 pairs of mothers and children from 1999 to 2002.

The mothers joined the study - published in the Archives of Disease in Childhood - before 22 weeks of pregnancy.

Their babies were measured and weighed at birth and this was repeated at the age of three.

Obesity risk

About one in four of the deliveries were C-section births and the remainder were vaginal deliveries.

The team found a link between body mass, skin thickness and how a child was born.

They also found that mothers who delivered by C-section tended to weigh more than those delivering traditionally - something which is known to influence obesity.
Fat parents have fat kids.

End of story.

Enjoy your section if you choose or need to have one.

Just don't nutritionally abuse your kid.

Obese Patients Face Increased Risk Of Kidney Damage After Heart Surgery

More good news! Another disease of choice we should not have to pay for.
Acute kidney injury (AKI), an abrupt decline in kidney function, is an increasingly prevalent and potentially serious condition following major surgery. Sometimes AKI arises after heart surgery because the kidneys are deprived of normal blood flow during the procedure.

To see if extra body weight puts patients at increased risk for developing AKI following heart surgery, Frederic Billings IV, MD (Vanderbilt University School of Medicine) and his colleagues evaluated information from 445 heart surgery patients, 112 of whom (25%) developed AKI.

Among the major findings:
Obese patients (body mass index, or BMI, ≥30 kg/m2) had an increased risk of developing AKI; specifically, a 26.5% increased risk per 5 kg/m2 increase in BMI.

Wednesday, June 20, 2012

Coca-Cola not to blame for US obesity: CEO

When he's right, he's right.
Coca-Cola CEO Muhtar Kent insists his company is not responsible for the rise in US obesity despite New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg's recent moves to limit the consumption of sugary drinks.
And when he's wrong, he's wrong.
"This is an important, complicated societal issue that we all have to work together to provide a solution," Kent told the Wall Street Journal in an interview published late Monday.

"That's why we are working with government, business and civil society to have active lifestyle programs in every country we operate by 2015," he said.
It all has to do with Calories in vs. Calories out.

Nothing else matters.

And an "active lifestyle" is the least efficient way to shed the pounds.

Making Hamburgers Healthier With Beetroot

A good example of a misleading headline, demonstrating, once again, why fitness folks are not to be trusted.
According to nutritional experts at the University of Aberdeen, adding beetroot - which contains antioxidants - to burgers prevents the body from absorbing the 'bad' fat. In order to test their findings, the team has created their own turkey and beetroot burger and are currently looking for healthy males to participate in their trial...

The researchers are seeking males aged between 21 and 60 years to participate in the study, and it will be conducted over 4 separate days at the Rowett Institute in Bucksburn, Aberdeenshire...

If we can identify that using a vegetable extract such as beetroot in processed food stops bad fat from being ingested, this could not only have significant health benefits for the public but also benefits for the processed food industry.
The point being, they do not know if beetroot can make turkeyburgers, not hamburgers, "healthier."

Vicious Cycle of Over-Eating and Feeling Depressed Explained

Excusinators working overtime.
Fat Bastard's revelation "I eat because I'm depressed and I'm depressed because I eat" in the Austin Powers film series may be explained by sophisticated neuroscience research being undertaken by scientists affiliated with the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CR-CHUM) and the university's Faculty of Medicine. "In addition to causing obesity, rich foods can actually cause chemical reactions in the brain in a similar way to illicit drugs, ultimately leading to depression as the 'come-downs' take their toll," explain lead researcher, Dr. Stephanie Fulton.

As is the case with drug addicts, a vicious cycle sets in where "food-highs" are used as a way to combat depression. "Data shows that obesity is associated with increased risk of developing depression, but we have very little understanding of the neural mechanisms and brain reward patterns that link the two," Fulton said. "We are demonstrating for the first time that the chronic consumption of palatable, high-fat diets has pro-depressive effects."
Another way to let slide the personal responsibility for self-control.

Tuesday, June 19, 2012

Obesity Linked to Higher Risk for Aggressive Thyroid Cancer

The other double chin.
Patients who are obese tend to present with more aggressive forms of papillary thyroid cancer. In addition, the cancer is often diagnosed at a more advanced stage in this population, according to a retrospective review.

The study, published online May 21 in the Archives of Surgery, found that obese and morbidly obese patients presented more frequently with stage III or IV disease (P = .04).

A subgroup analysis showed that the percentage of the more aggressive tall cell variant of papillary thyroid cancer was significantly higher in obese and morbidly obese patients than in those who were of normal weight or merely overweight (P = .03). A higher body mass index (BMI) was associated with a longer duration of anesthesia induction (P < .001) and a longer stay in the hospital (P < .001). The findings from this study are very interesting, explained lead author Avital Harari, MD, assistant professor of surgery at the University of California, Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine. "I believe the reason for the increase in late-stage and more aggressive thyroid cancer in obese individuals is 2-fold," she told Medscape Medical News. "One reason is that obese patients typically have a delay in diagnosis in relation to most illnesses. In the case of thyroid cancer, it's likely that their cancers and nodules are not felt on physical exam because of larger neck sizes." It is also likely that the state of obesity itself, physiologically, contributes to an increase in aggressive cancers, Dr. Harari added.

Pomegranate juice claims deceptive, US rules

Imagine that.
Pomegranate juice has not been proven to be an effective treatment for cancer, heart disease or erectile dysfunction, US regulators said Monday, calling a company's ad claims deceptive.

The US Federal Trade Commission's chief administrative law judge D. Michael Chappell ruled that the company, POM Wonderful LLC, violated federal law by making deceptive claims.

The judge ordered the company to stop making claims of health effects in the absence of "competent and reliable scientific evidence."

The judge said in a 345-page decision that there was "inadequate" evidence to back up the company's superfood claims.
Should be easy for the morons who imagined that this c**p actually worked.

Neurogenesis Spurred By A High Fat Diet Encourages More Eating And Fat Storage

More bulls**t research.
New nerve cells formed in a select part of the brain could hold considerable sway over how much you eat and consequently weigh, new animal research by Johns Hopkins scientists suggests...
Even if true, will certainly never lead anywhere.

As if they will be able to prevent, selectively, certain nerves from forming.

Or even kill/target them selectively.

Fear not.

The research is crap and will lead nowhere.

Fear not the "cure" to fatosity is already here.

Consume fewer Calories than you burn.

Monday, June 18, 2012

Heart Damage Already Present In Obese Adolescents

More early nutritional child abuse.
Obese adolescents with no symptoms of heart disease already have heart damage, according to new research.

The findings were presented at the Heart Failure Congress 2012, 19-22 May, in Belgrade, Serbia. The Congress is the main annual meeting of the Heart Failure Association of the European Society of Cardiology.

Obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and previous research has shown that obese adults have structural and functional changes to their hearts. The current study (abstract P843) investigated the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and cardiac function in overweight and obese adolescents with no symptoms of heart disease.
There is no one to blame but the parents.

Sitting at Work Raises All-Cause and CV Mortality Risk

Hard to believe this is an issue since so many people don't do cr*p at work.
Sitting at work raises the risk of dying from cardiovascular (CV) and metabolic diseases, as well as the risk of dying from all causes, regardless of any exercise in which the individual may engage. That was the finding of a study reported here at the 19th European Congress on Obesity (ECO) by Anne Grunseit, PhD, from the Prevention Research Collaboration in the School of Public Health at the University of Sydney, Australia, and Norwegian colleagues.

Research is increasingly focusing on sedentary behavior with low energy expenditure, including sitting and lying down, as behavioral risk factors for obesity and chronic disease.
The sitting is not the problem.

The "you-are-too-fat" is.

Weight-Loss Therapies Improve Blood Pressure in Obese Patients

Another illness of choice.
Two studies presented this week at the American Society of Hypertension 2012 Scientific Sessions have shown that therapies designed to reduce body weight in obese patients also result in significant reductions in blood pressure.
Once we stop paying for illnesses of choice, their incidence will go way down.

Sunday, June 17, 2012

How Many Calories Should I Eat?

Easy question. Stupid answer in article.
The number of calories people should eat each day depends on several factors, including their age, size, height, sex, lifestyle, and overall general health. A physically active 6ft 2in male, aged 22 years, requires considerably more calories than a 5ft 2ins sedentary woman in her 70s.

Recommended daily calorie intakes also vary across the world. According to the National Health Service (NHS), UK, the average male adult needs approximately 2,500 calories per day to keep his weight constant, while the average adult female needs 2,000. US authorities recommend 2,700 calories per day for men and 2,200 for women. It is interesting that in the UK, where people on average are taller than Americans, the recommended daily intake of calories is lower. Rates of overweight and obesity among both adults and children in the USA are considerably higher than in the United Kingdom.
Eat to a BMI of between 18.5 and 24.9.

That's it.

Shocking Risk Figures For Teens Developing Diabetes And Heart Problems

Fat parents have fat kids.
The June issues (sic) of Pediatrics carries an article laying down the risks for teens developing heart problems, cardio-vascular disease and diabetes.

The study compares today's figures with a study from a year ago called "Prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Among U.S. Adolescents, 1999-2008."

Just looking at diabetes, we find that figures have jumped from 9% a decade ago, to a dreadful 23% today. That's nearly a quarter of all teens at risk of needing daily insulin injections to control their blood sugar levels, or risk coma and death - never mind the expense and loss of productivity, just the burden that his huge expanse of population stands to put on healthcare providers, could bring the system to a grinding halt, with a 64% increase in diabetics in the next decade.

USA Today quotes pediatric endocrinologist Larry Deeb, former president of medicine and science for the American Diabetes Association as saying:

"To get ahead of this problem, we have to be incredibly aggressive and look at children and adolescents and say you have to make time for physical activity ... because stress on the pancreas and insulin resistance catches up with people. We are truly in deep trouble. Diabetes threatens to destroy the health care system."

With around one third of all adolescents either over-weight or obese, risk factors for heart disease, another long term health problem that puts a tremendous burden on healthcare providers, look just as bad. Half of overweight and nearly two thirds of obese teens are already showing risk factors for heart disease, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or diabetes risks; by way of comparison, researchers cite figures showing around one third of regular teens show minor risks, of heart problems.
The only way to fix nutritional child abuse is to hold parents accountable.

Big Midsection May Up Risk of Dying Suddenly

Arguably, the risk is not upped enough since there are still too many fat people.
Carrying too much weight in the belly -- having an apple shape -- may increase the risk of sudden cardiac death, researchers found.

In a cohort study, the risk of sudden cardiac death increased along with waist-to-hip ratio (P=0.009 for trend), according to Selcuk Adabag, MD, of the University of Minnesota and the VA Medical Center in Minneapolis.

After accounting for numerous obesity-related comorbidities, however, other measures of obesity -- body mass index and waist circumference -- were not related to the risk of sudden cardiac death, Adabag reported at the Heart Rhythm Society meeting here.

Obesity "is a root cause of problems," he said in an interview. "People, particularly physicians, need to be paying attention to weight gain and should actively work on reducing weight."
Fat chance.

But in case you do want to lose the weight, go here and here to learn how.

Saturday, June 16, 2012

Diabetes Population May Rise To 53 Million Within 13 Years In USA

Kudos, fatsos.
By the year 2025, researchers predict that 53.1 million individuals in the United States will have diabetes (mainly type 2 diabetes) - a 64% increase from 2010. The study is published in Population Health Management

Diabetes is a life long disease in which there are high levels of glucose in the blood. In type 1 diabetes the body does not produce insulin and in type 2 diabetes the body either produces insufficient amounts of insulin or ignores it.

William Rowley, M.D., and Clement Bezold, Ph.D., Institute for Alternative Futures (Alexandria, VA) projected the dramatic increase using their Diabetes 2025 Model. In addition, the model enables the researchers to estimate the potential benefits of society-wide changes in lifestyle and healthcare delivery systems to reduce the burden of diabetes.

[caption] Over the last thirty years, obesity rates in the USA have grown steady, as have rates of diabetes, mainly type 2

Journal Editor-in-Chief David B. Nash, M.D., MBA, Dean, Jefferson School of Population Health, Philadelphia, PA, said:

"Diabetes is now a national security issue as it threatens all aspects
of our nation's well-being."

Diabetes Type 2 is mainly a result of becoming overweight/obese and long-term physical inactivity...
Not a single penny to pay for this disease of choice and the incidence will plummet.

A Very Sugary Diet Makes You Stupid

What is more likely is that if you believe this study, it proves you are stupid.
As we near the final year exams for schools and universities, students should be wary of powering up on buckets of soda and pocketfuls of candy bars. A UCLA study on rats suggests that fructose slows down the brain and memory functions. Too much sweetness can also prevent learning. The findings are published in Journal of Physiology and also show omega-3 fatty acids helping to negate the effect.

Earlier studies have shown that fructose is involved in causing diabetes, obesity and a fatty liver, but this is the first research to uncover how sugar can influence the brain. In the Americas, high fructose corn syrup is widely used, whereas in Europe and Asia sucrose is more prevalent; this study focused on fructose.
I am taking bets.

Regular Exercise May Increase Pain Tolerance

This article does not deal with exercise. It deals with training.
Stories of athletes bravely "playing through the pain" are relatively common and support the widespread belief that they experience pain differently than non-athletes. Yet, the scientific data on pain perception in athletes has been inconsistent, and sometimes contradictory. Investigators from the University of Heidelberg have conducted a meta-analysis of available research and find that in fact, athletes can indeed tolerate a higher level of pain than normally active people. However, pain threshold, the minimum intensity at which a stimulus is perceived as painful, did not differ in athletes and normal controls. Their findings are published in the June issue of Pain®.

"Our analysis reveals that pain perception differs in athletes compared to normally active controls," says lead investigator Jonas Tesarz, MD. "Studies in athletes offer the opportunity for an evaluation of the physical and psychological effects of regular activity on pain perception, which might foster the development of effective types of exercise for relief in pain patients."

Researchers reviewed fifteen studies that evaluated experimentally induced pain threshold or tolerance in athletes compared to normally active controls. 568 athletes and 331 normally active controls were included. Eight of the studies were conducted in the USA, two in Canada, one in Australia, and four were conducted in Europe. The studies, which included both men and women, evaluated endurance sports, game sports, and strength sports. Twelve studies reported on pain tolerance, and nine studies examined pain threshold.

Athletes were found to have consistently higher pain tolerance in comparison to normally active adults.
Because to achieve their goals, athletes cannot be weenies.

Not like normal adults who whine.

Especially the fat ones.

Friday, June 15, 2012

Strict School Physical Education Laws Improve Children's Health

K-rap. Not at all what the study allegedly showed.
As childhood obesity and diabetes rates are skyrocketing in the US, many schools are eliminating physical education classes. A national study in the American Journal of Public Health reports that specific and required state legislation with regard to PE times could be a crucial tool to ensure that children meet the daily recommendations of physical activity.

The investigators evaluated data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's most recent School Health Policies and Programs Survey in order to establish whether public schools in states with specific and strict physical education laws taught more weekly PE time. They assessed a total of 410 schools, which they previously categorized depending on their state's PE time requirements scores as determined by the Classification of Laws Associated with School Students (C.L.A.S.S. scoring system.

The findings revealed that schools in states with strict specific requirement laws taught, on average, over 27 more minutes of PE per week at elementary school level and over 60 more minutes per week at middle school levels than schools in states with non-specific, i.e. weak laws. In comparison with schools at elementary and middle school level that had neither PE laws nor requirements, those with strict PE laws had on average over 40 minutes of PE at elementary level and 60 more minutes at middle school level.
All it showed was that some places have more PE time than others.

No data on outcome.

More politics and speculation. No science.

Some Dietary Supplements May Increase Cancer Risk

Add them to the antioxidants that kill list.
Beta-carotene, selenium and folic acid - taken up to three times their recommended daily allowance, these supplements are probably harmless. But taken at much higher levels as some supplement manufacturers suggest, these three supplements have now been proven to increase the risk of developing a host of cancers.

"It's not that these nutrients are toxic - they're essential and we need them, but we need them in a certain balance," says Tim Byers, MD, MPH, professor of epidemiology at the Colorado School of Public Health and associate director for prevention and control at the University of Colorado Cancer Center.

Byers is senior author of a commentary recently published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute that discusses the clinical and policy implications of the increased cancer risk from high dose dietary supplements.

"We have a window into less than half of the biology of what these nutrients are doing," Byers says. "We say generalized things about them, calling them an antioxidant or an essential mineral, but true biology turns out to be more complex than that. The effects of these supplements are certainly not limited to the label we give them. And, as we've seen, sometimes the unintended effects include increased cancer risk."
Still think they have any idea what a "safe" supplement is?

Gene Related To Autism, Schizophrenia And Obesity Isolated By Zebrafish Study

Fishy research.
What can a fish tell us about human brain development? Researchers at Duke University Medical Center transplanted a set of human genes into a zebrafish and then used it to identify genes responsible for head size at birth.

Researchers at Duke University Medical Center transplanted a set of human genes into a zebrafish and then used it to identify genes responsible for head size at birth.

Head size in human babies is a feature that is related to autism, a condition that recent figures have shown to be more common than previously reported, 1 in 88 children in a March 2012 study. Head size is also a feature of other major neurological disorders, such as schizophrenia.
The more important question is "How do zebrafish survive, what with their autism, schizophrenia and obesity?"

Thursday, June 14, 2012

Clinical Evidence That An Environmental Pollutant Can Contribute To Obesity Through Prenatal Exposure

In the world of scientific evidence, clinical evidence is the pimple on proof's ass - as demonstrated by these pinhead researchers.
Overall, 17% of children in the United States are obese, and in inner-city neighborhoods, the prevalence is as high as 25%. While poor diets and physical inactivity are the main culprits, there is new evidence that air pollution can play a role.

A study by Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health finds that pregnant women in New York City exposed to higher concentrations of chemicals called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or PAH, were more than twice as likely to have children who were obese by age 7 compared with women with lower levels of exposure. PAH, a common urban pollutant, are released into the air from the burning of coal, diesel, oil and gas, or other organic substances such as tobacco.

Results are published in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

"Obesity is a complex disease with multiple risk factors. It isn't just the result of individual choices like diet and exercise," says the study's lead author Andrew G. Rundle, Dr. P.H., a professor of epidemiology at Columbia's Mailman School of Public Health. "For many people who don't have the resources to buy healthy food or don't have the time to exercise, prenatal exposure to air pollution may tip the scales, making them even more susceptible to obesity."
Could not be more wrong.

Too fat is caused by overconsumption of Calories relative to the number of Calories burned.

There is no other cause.

There is no complexity to the matter except for pinheads with lentil-sized brains such as this Rundle guy.

Genetic Study Questions HDL Levels and the Risk of MI

More bad news for biomarkers.
Therapies that boost HDL-cholesterol levels are currently viewed as a potential treatment to close down the residual risk of aggressively treated patients, but data from a new study throw cold water on the putative benefits of raising HDL-cholesterol levels to reduce the risk of MI.

Investigators report that a genetic variant that substantially raises HDL-cholesterol levels did not alter the risk of MI, whereas genetic polymorphisms related to plasma LDL-cholesterol were consistently associated with an increased risk of MI.

"These results challenge several established views about plasma HDL cholesterol," write Dr Benjamin Voight (University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia) and colleagues in a report published online May 16, 2012 in the Lancet. "First, these data question the concept that raising plasma HDL cholesterol should uniformly translate into reduction in risk of myocardial infarction. . . . Second, these findings emphasize the potential limitation of plasma HDL cholesterol as a surrogate measure for risk of myocardial infarction in intervention trials."
Still think they have any idea what they are talking about?

More Evidence That Physical Activity Protects the Aging Brain

Train. Do not exercise.
New data from the Rush Memory and Aging Project provide more evidence that staying physically active may protect the aging brain from Alzheimer's disease (AD).

In a group of more than 700 elderly individuals free of dementia at baseline, a higher level of total daily physical activity, determined objectively via 24-hour actigraphy, was associated with a lower risk for the subsequent development of AD, as well as a slower rate of cognitive decline.

The association remained "robust" after accounting for a wide variety of potentially confounding factors, and supports efforts to encourage physical activity even in the very old, conclude Aron S. Buchman, MD, from the Rush Alzheimer's Disease Center, Rush University Medical Center in Chicago, Illinois, and colleagues.
'Cause when you train, you do good things for your brain.

Wednesday, June 13, 2012

Obesity Weight Loss Strategies Show Promise

With a third of the American population suffering from obesity, of which 70% are trying to lose weight, the American Journal of Preventive Medicine reveals that obese dieters who reported to have consumed less fat, exercised more, and used prescription weight loss medications had a higher chance of shedding the pounds, whilst diet foods and products, as well as nonprescription diet pills and popular diets tended to be less successful.

Leading researcher, Jacinda M. Nicklas, MD, MPH, MA, a Clinical Research Fellow at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School declares:

"Despite popular perception that obese people are unable to lose weight, a substantial number of obese participants in our study did report successful weight loss, suggesting that some obese U.S. adults can and do lose weight."

The researchers assessed data of 4,000 obese adults who self-reported a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher in the 2001-2006 National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey, which tracks demographic, health, and health behavior information from non-institutionalized U.S. adults. 63% of the respondents reported to have tried losing weight within the last year.

According to the analysis, those who reported to consume less fat, exercise more and used prescription weight loss medications were more likely to report loosing at least 5% of their body weight, whilst those who lost at least 10% of their body weight also tended to have joined a weight loss program.
More self-reported lies.

If it worked, then the fatso rate would be decreasing.

It is not.

Study Shows High-Fructose Diet Sabotages Learning, Memory

Research on researchers.
Attention, college students cramming between midterms and finals: Binging on soda and sweets for as little as six weeks may make you stupid.

A new UCLA rat study is the first to show how a diet steadily high in fructose slows the brain, hampering memory and learning - and how omega-3 fatty acids can counteract the disruption.
An explanation of why these researchers are so stupid.

Clearly they were fed high-fructose diets.

Diet Associated With Improved Outcomes in Pregnancy

More evidence of nutritional child abuse.
Among dietary and lifestyle interventions, those based on diet appear to be the most effective and are associated with reduced weight gain during pregnancy and improved obstetric outcomes, according to the findings of a new systematic review and metaanalysis.

Shakila Thangaratinam, PhD, from the Queen Mary University of London in the United Kingdom, and colleagues described their findings in an article published online May 17 in the British Medical Journal.

According to the researchers, in Europe and the United States, 20% to 40% of women gain more than the recommended weight during pregnancy, and this weight gain is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes.
Fat people should not reproduce.

Tuesday, June 12, 2012

20 Percent 'Fat Tax' Needed to Improve Population Health, Experts Say

No. Just 51% of people voting not to pay for diseases of choice.
Taxes on unhealthy food and drinks would need to be at least 20% to have a significant effect on diet-related conditions such as obesity and heart disease, say experts on the British Medical Journal website. Ideally, this should be combined with subsidies on healthy foods such as fruit and vegetables, they add.
There are no "healthy foods."

There is just eating healthily.

Silence these "experts."

Obesity Creates Unhealthful Conditions In The Womb

Still more early nutritional child abuse.
A new University of Illinois study contains a warning for obese women who are planning pregnancies. Even if they eat a healthy diet when they are pregnant, their babies will develop in an unhealthy environment that places the infants at risk for future health problems.

"We can see fat sequestered in the placentas of obese mothers when it should be going to the baby to support its growth. The nutrient supply region in the placenta of an obese mother is half the size of that of a normal-weight mother, even when both are eating the same healthy diet," said Yuan-Xiang Pan, a U of I professor of nutrition.
Fat people should not reproduce.

Obesity May Contribute to Organ Shortage

Too fat to donate.
The pool of potential living kidney donors may be shrinking because of the national obesity "epidemic," researchers said here.

In a single-center study, almost a quarter of willing donors were initially excluded because they were too heavy, Mala Sachdeva, MD, of North Shore-LIJ Health System Transplant Center on Long Island, N.Y., and colleagues reported at the National Kidney Foundation meeting here.

And only a small percentage of those patients were ultimately able to lose enough weight to donate a kidney, despite their initial motivation, Sachdeva said at the group's poster presentation.

Although there are no established national criteria, most centers exclude living donors who have a body mass index (BMI) of 35 or above, because previous work has shown poorer outcomes for both donor and recipient.

Thus, America's expanding waistlines may be playing a role in the national organ shortage by shrinking the donor pool, the researchers said. Currently, about 92,000 patients are waiting for a kidney, Sachdeva added.
Except to donate fat.

Monday, June 11, 2012

Long-Term Bisphosphonates May Be OK for Select Patients

Two words - Anabolic Clinic (sm).
An analysis of long-term bisphosphonate use, evaluating a composite endpoint of both vertebral and nonvertebral fractures in postmenopausal women, showed minimal benefit of continued bisphosphonate treatment beyond 5 years, although some patients at high risk might consider taking these agents longer.

Marcea Whitaker, MD, from the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) Division of Reproductive and Urologic Products, Office of New Drugs, and colleagues, in response to postmarketing reports of rare but serious bisphosphonate-related adverse effects (eg, atypical femur fractures, osteonecrosis of the jaw, and esophageal cancer), conducted a systematic review of long-term bisphosphonate efficacy.
To find out why anabolic substances are better, go here, here and here.

Online Social Network Helps Obese Kids Resist Problem Foods

Anonymous social networking — online and on smart phones — helps obese youth to cope with their condition, resist problem foods, manage their eating, and lose weight.

Robert Pretlow, MD, MSEE, from eHealth International in Seattle, Washington, has used an addiction medicine approach and designed a Web site and smart phone app to combat substance (food) abuse. He presented the program and some early results here at the 19th European Congress on Obesity.

His program involves anonymous social support networks, such as Alcoholics Anonymous and Gamblers Anonymous, Support groups are indispensable in addiction medicine, and anonymity is crucial to help avoid shame and embarrassment.

Users of the Web site enter their first names, heights, and weights; the system identifies them by their Internet protocol addresses so that the site can track them over time. Various information is stored on separate computer servers, and confidentiality is maintained.

From June 2000 to September 2010, 29,406 unique users 8 to 21 years of age (mean, 14.2 ± 2.0 years) anonymously posted 41,535 messages and 93,787 replies on the message board. Most users (94%) were female. Mean self-reported body mass index (BMI) was 33.7 ± 7.4 kg/m²...

Among the many tools in the program is one that allows kids to put a picture of their face (shot with the device's camera) on a body that they can make fatter or thinner to see how they would look, Dr. Pretlow explained. He said both views appear to motivate the users.

A tool to dissuade eating is a series of pictures of disgusting objects — bugs on food, rotting food, dead animals, a dirty toilet, and even worse. The kids say it really works when they have a food craving.

Dr. Pretlow has completed a 19-week pilot study with 12 participants, 10 to 23 years of age, who were in the 96th BMI percentile.

They lost an average of 4.8 kg and reduced their BMI by an average of 1.6 kg/m2. Mean weights decreased through week 5, rose a bit through week 8, and then decreased through week 16, when they essentially plateaued through week 19. A larger trial of the app involving 30 participants is scheduled to begin next month.
Zero proof that this crappy approach works.

Just a bunch of self-serving hype.

Bariatric Surgeries Associated With Increased Alcohol Risk

Out of the pannus...
Bariatric surgery is associated with an increased likelihood that patients will report and be diagnosed with problems related to alcohol consumption.
...and into the Sterno fire.

Sunday, June 10, 2012

Only one in five eats five a day, poll suggests

Just as well since 5-a-day is a hoax.
Just one in five Britons eats the recommended five portions of fruit and vegetables a day, a poll for World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) suggests.

The Department of Health first launched its five-a-day campaign in 2003.

Behavioral Treatment Helps Very Obese Children, But Not Severely Obese Adolescents

Wrong. Neither one works.
Researchers have found that severely obese children respond well to behavioral treatment, but not severely obese adolescents. The study, conducted by Dr. Pernilla Danielsson, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, was presented at the 19th European Congress on Obesity in Lyon, France.

The researchers evaluated 643 children who began behavioral obesity treatment at Sweden's National Childhood Obesity Center between 1998 and 2006.

Participants were divided into three age groups (6-9, 10-13, and 14-16 years) and further into two groups, depending on how obese they were.

The researchers used a body-mass index (BMI) standardized age- and gender-dependent deviation score (SDS) in order to compare weight data between children of different ages and gender, and to examine differences over time.

Moderately obese was defined as BMI SDS 1.6-3.5 and severely obese was defined as BMI SDS ≥ 3.5.

In the group of moderately obese children, the team found that those aged 6 to 9 years showed a decline in BMI SDS. Even though treatment effect was observed in the older age groups with moderate obesity. It was less pronounced.

The researchers found that severely obese young children responded even better to treatment, while adolescents showed no changed in BMI SDS at all after 3 years. Severely obese boys in the 10-13 year old age group showed a significantly greater mean reduction in BMI SDS than girls.

Compared to severely obese children with obese mothers, those with normal-weight mothers had a larger mean decrease in BMI SDS. The researchers found no association between father's weight status and change of BMI SDS.
It has nothing to do with the behavioral treatment.

It has everything to do with the home.

Apparently, in these cases, with the mother.

Waist Less Than Half Of Height Helps You Live Longer

Not exactly.
A new study reveals that waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) is a significantly better predictor of cardiometabolic risk than waist circumference (WC) and body-mass index (BMI). In addition WHtR takes account of differing heights, therefore making it the best proxy to use across all countries.
Fat people have big waists.

What helps you live longer is not being a fatso.

Saturday, June 09, 2012

Testosterone Treatment Helps Obese Older Males Lose Weight, Other Health Gains Too

Two words - Anabolic Clinic (sm).
Restoring low testosterone levels in older, overweight or obese men to normal levels results in dramatic weight loss and other health benefits, such as better blood pressure and blood glucose control, Dr Farid Saad of the Medical Affairs Men's Health Care at Bayer Pharma AG in Berlin, Germany, explained at the 19th European Congress on Obesity in Lyon, France.

Obesity is linked to lower levels of testosterone, which in turn induces weight gain. According to earlier research, men aged 45 years or older with low levels of testosterone are about twice as likely to be obese and suffer from type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure as compared with age-matched controls.
Learn more here and here.

New Study Highlights The Need For Health Education Programs To Ward Off Childhood Obesity

Foolish study; this report was written by incompetents.
Attitudes, relationships, intentions and personal behavior control are all factors that could affect a child's decision in either reaching for an apple or grabbing a bag of chips, according to a new study out of the University of Cincinnati. The research by Paul Branscum, assistant professor of health and exercise science at the University of Oklahoma, and Manoj Sharma, a University of Cincinnati professor of health promotion and education, is published in the International Quarterly of Community Health Education.

The study focused on 167 fourth-and-fifth-grade elementary schoolchildren in the Midwest over a 24-hour reporting period. The authors found that snacking represented a large part of the children's daily calorie intake. Overall, the group reported consuming an average of approximately 300 calories from high-calorie, low-nutrition foods such as chips, candy and cookies - nearly 17 percent of their daily caloric needs. They reported eating only 45 calories from fruits and vegetables combined.
No way it was "300 calories." Had to have been 300 Calories.

The difference is a factor of 1000.

In any event, the researchers undermine their own stupid research:
The researchers say the results of the survey further support the need for more health education programs for elementary school children in fighting childhood obesity, in an effort to help children make more positive health choices such as selecting healthier snacks.

"Children may not comprehend long-term benefits or consequences of obesity, such as developing chronic conditions in adulthood, but it's likely that they would understand immediate benefits of a healthier lifestyle, such as being better able to play team or individual sports," Branscum says.
These piglets can see daily how the fatsos cannot do as well in sports.

Still, the problem is not the kids or the schools.

It is the parents.

Offspring Likely Suffer When Mother Is Overweight During Pregnancy

As are the rest of us.
That excess weight during pregnancy can lead to overweight children and adolescents has been known for some time, but new research at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and in the US indicates that excess weight before and during pregnancy can have long-lasting health consequences for the offspring of such mothers even later in life.
Since we end-up paying for the sick care costs of these nutritionally abused children.

Friday, June 08, 2012

A New Candidate Pathway For Treating Visceral Obesity

No way.
Brown seems to be the color of choice when it comes to the types of fat cells in our bodies. Brown fat expends energy, while its counterpart, white fat stores it. The danger in white fat cells, along with the increased risk for diabetes and heart disease it poses, seems especially linked to visceral fat. Visceral fat is the build-up of fat around the organs in the belly.

So in the battle against obesity, brown fat appears to be our friend and white fat our foe.

Now a team of researchers led by Jorge Plutzky, MD, director of The Vascular Disease Prevention Program at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) and Harvard Medical School has discovered a way to turn foe to friend.

By manipulating the metabolic pathways in the body responsible for converting vitamin A - or retinol - into retinoic acid, Plutzky and his colleagues have essentially made white fat take on characteristics of brown fat. Their findings put medical science a step closer in the race to develop novel anti-obesity therapies.
Medical science is already there.

The therapy is called fewer Calories in than out.

It works 100% of the time.

It does not have any of the side effects associated with drugs or surgery.

BTW, brown is also the color of s**t, which is what this research is.

Overweight Toddlers - Mothers Commonly Underestimate Their Weight

More early nutritional child abuse.
Mothers whose toddlers are overweight frequently see them as having no weight problem and are happy with their body size, suggesting that overweight has become normal for several adults, researchers from the University of Maryland School of Medicine reported in Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine. They also found that moms of underweight toddlers had accurate perceptions of their body size, but were dissatisfied.
The unaware, just like the fat, should not reproduce.

Pregnancy Rates And Cost Per Pregnancy Improve (sic) Linked To Weight Loss Intervention

More reasons why the fat should not reproduce.
At the 19th European Congress on Obesity in Lyon, France, the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Obesity, Dr Kyra Sim from The Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise and Eating Disorders at the University of Sydney in Australia presented a new study, which shows that weight loss intervention in obese women who undergo fertility treatment substantially improves their chance of pregnancy and other health indicators, whilst also saving substantial costs per achieved pregnancy.

The study is the first to evaluate the economic value of the impact of women's weight loss strategies on fertility treatment. The randomized controlled trial involved 49 women aged 37 years or younger, with an average BMI of ≥ 30 kg/m2, who were in an assisted reproductive technology program.

The researchers randomized 27 women to a 12-week intervention, consisting of a very-low-energy diet for the first six weeks, after which the women went on a low-energy diet combined with a weekly group multidisciplinary program. The other 22 women in the control group received recommendations for weight loss and the same printed material. The researchers measured multiple parameters at baseline and at 12 weeks. Follow up was at 12 months to confirm whether a pregnancy had occurred.

The findings demonstrated the women in the intervention group registered an average weight loss of 6.6 kg, with a 9 cm waistline reduction compared with those in the control group who lost 1.8 kg on average with a 1 cm reduction in waist circumference. The results also showed that pregnancy rates were significantly improved amongst those in the intervention group with 48% compared to 14% in the control group.

The number of assisted reproductive cycles needed to become pregnant was also less amongst the intervention group, together with a decline in maternal and fetal risk factors. The researchers also noted that the intervention group showed metabolic, hormonal and psychological improvements. The intervention saved US$9360 (AU$9,035 - EUR€6,900 - GBP5865) per pregnancy.

Dr Sim states that the study highlights the significance of implementing a program of preconception weight management together with providing specific information about the maternal and fetal risks of obesity in pregnancy...
And why the rest of us should not pay for fat people to have fertility treatment.

Thursday, June 07, 2012

Prepregnancy Obesity Linked to Child Test Scores

Another example of early poor parenting perpetrated by the fat on their kids.
Women who are obese before they become pregnant are at higher risk of having children with lower cognitive function -- as measured by math and reading tests taken between ages 5 to 7 years -- than are mothers with a healthy prepregnancy weight, new research suggests.

In this large observational study, prepregnancy obesity was associated, on average, with a three-point drop in reading scores and a two-point reduction in math scores on a commonly used test of children's cognitive function.

Previous research has suggested that a woman's prepregnancy obesity can have a negative effect on fetal organs, such as the heart, liver and pancreas. Because fetal development is rapid and sensitive to a mother's physiological characteristics, Ohio State University researchers sought to find out whether a mother's obesity also could affect the fetal brain.

"One way you measure the effects on the brain is by measuring cognition," said Rika Tanda, lead author of the study and a doctoral candidate in nursing at Ohio State.
Simply put, the fat should not reproduce.

Getting Kids Off Their Seats - Parental Encouragement Vital

Which is why it will never work.
According to a study published in the American Journal of Health Promotion, parental support is extremely vital in reducing the amount of time children engage in sedentary activities.
Fat parents have fat kids.

As if the fat parents will get off their own seats to help their kids.

Clearly they do not.

Kidney Donation Hindered By Obesity

Too fat to donate.
Researchers at the Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine and Feinstein Institute for Medical Research conducted a retrospective analysis which found that morbid obesity impedes kidney donation. In fact, in the analysis of 104 potential living kidney donors, 23 (22 percent) donors were classified as morbidly obese, only three (13 percent) of whom were able to successfully lose weight and donate their kidney. This data was presented at the National Kidney Foundation (NKF) 2012 Spring Clinical Meetings, being held from May 9-13 in Washington, DC.

Morbidly obese patients are generally excluded as organ donors given their increased risk for complications during operation and the development of chronic conditions linked to obesity (i.e., type 2 diabetes, heart disease, etc.). Researchers conducted this study to determine how often obesity is the reason for unsuccessful donation of organs, and further analyze how often morbidly obese patients successfully lose weight and are able to be donors.

"This study suggests that morbid obesity is a barrier to kidney donation, and even though morbidly obese patients reported that they were trying to lose weight through diet and lifestyle modifications, they were largely unsuccessful at losing the weight and becoming donation candidates," said Mala Sachdeva, MD, assistant professor of medicine at the Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine and researcher at the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research.
Become adipose donors.

Wednesday, June 06, 2012

Diabetes Improved Regardless of Surgical Procedure

Because it is all about the weight loss.
New research reports that no procedure for weight loss surgery is any better at treating diabetes than another. The study, presented May 7 at the International Congress of Endocrinology/European Congress of Endocrinology in Florence, Italy, uses a large ongoing study to show that improvements to diabetes in patients undergoing such surgery is likely to be due to the degree of weight loss itself rather than the type of procedure.
So if you had surgery, it was almost certainly unnecessary.


Compulsory Physical Education Results In Fitter Students

Overall, this is bulls**t.
A study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine reveals that children are more likely to have better fitness levels if physical education at their school is mandatory. The researchers examined fitness levels among fifth graders in both public school districts in California that comply with the state's mandatory physical education requirement and those that don't.

Lead author, Emma V. Sanchez-Vaznaugh, Sc.D., assistant professor of health education at San Francisco State University, explained:

"Even though California has a physical education law and monitors its compliance, our study revealed that many school districts are not providing the required physical education and too many children go to school in districts that do not comply with physical education laws."

According to the researchers, educators have an opportunity to influence life-long health habits, given that grade school children spend a large portion of their day in school. Children who do not take part in regular physical activities are more likely to be obese and have poorer overall health.
What is clearly wrong with this is that today's overweight/obese older folks had mandatory gym classes and the future into which they lived was adipose-filled.

The nexus drawn is tenuous, at best.

Nurse-Led Home Interventions Reduce TV Viewing Time And BMI In Kids

No proof that it makes a difference - except to the nurses who get paid.
Louise A Baur, Professor of Pediatrics and Child Health at the University of Sydney's Medical School in Australia presented one of the world's first studies that examined obesity risk factors in very young children at the 19th European Congress on Obesity in Lyon, France.

The study demonstrated that mothers were able to reduce their child's body-mass index (BMI), TV-viewing time and improve their child's vegetable intake by the age of 2 years by participating in a nurse-led, home-based intervention.

In light of the well known fact that people in socially and economically disadvantaged parts of developed countries have a higher risk of obesity, and given that only few early childhood obesity prevention programs have been evaluated so far, the researchers decided to conduct a randomized controlled trial, called "Healthy Beginnings" in disadvantaged parts of Sydney between 2007 and 2010 and recruited a total of 667 first-time mothers and their infants.

The mothers and infants were split equally into an intervention and control group. Those in the intervention received eight home visits from specially trained community nurses who delivered a staged home-based intervention that started during the antenatal period, with the remaining seven to follow at 1, 3, 5, 9, 12, 18 and 24 months after the child was born, whilst those in the control group received no home visits. The timing of the visits was designed to coincide with early childhood developmental milestones, for instance introducing solid foods and transition to family meals.

The primary outcomes were determined as the children's BMI, infant feeding practices, and TV viewing time at the age of 2 years. The BMI was established by the community nurses, whilst the mothers of the children self-measured the other outcomes.

Tuesday, June 05, 2012

Losing Weight When Obese Can Prevent or Cure Diabetes, Whatever the Initial BMI, Study Suggests

Another reason to remove the fat from the public teat.
Lowering your BMI by five units can dramatically reduce your risk of diabetes, whatever your initial weight, says new research presented at the International Congress of Endocrinology/European Congress of Endocrinology in Florence, Italy. The findings show that even severely obese patients with diabetes can potentially rid themselves of the disease.
All it takes is shedding some weight and Voilà!, no need to pay for the diseases of choice.

Overweight? New Research Explains How Proper Sleep Is Important for Healthy Weight

If you're counting calories to lose weight, that may be only part of the weight loss equation says a new research report published online in The FASEB Journal. In the report, French scientists show that impairments to a gene known to be responsible for our internal body clocks, called "Rev-Erb alpha," leads to excessive weight gain and related health problems. This provides new insights into the importance of proper alignment between the body's internal timing and natural environmental light cycles to prevent or limit excessive weight gain and the problems this weight gain causes.
It is 100% impossible to gain weight unless one ingests more Calories than one burns.

Sleep is immaterial.

If you are awake a lot, do not eat too many Calories.

Problem solved.

Muscle Wasting Caused By Aging And Heart Failure Can Be Slowed By Exercise

Almost, but not quite.
Exercise can counteract muscle breakdown, increase strength and reduce inflammation caused by aging and heart failure, according to new research in Circulation, an American Heart Association journal.

The benefits for heart failure patients are similar to those for anyone who exercises: there's less muscle-wasting, and their bodies become conditioned to handle more exercise. Age of the patients didn't matter, either, researchers found.

"Many physicians - and insurance companies - still believe that cardiac rehabilitation does not really help in old age. This study clearly falsifies this belief," said Stephan Gielen, M.D., lead co-author and Deputy Director of Cardiology at the University Hospital, Martin-Luther-University of Halle, Germany.
The key is TRAINING, not exercise.

Monday, June 04, 2012

Many Parents With Poor Math Skills Give Kids Wrong Doses

No surprise here. Parents are too innumerate to give their kids the right "dose" of Calories.

Small wonder they cannot get drug doses right.
Limited quantitative skills in many parents lead to dosing errors in the medications that they give to their children.

In a study by researchers from the Department of Pediatrics at New York University School of Medicine and Bellevue Hospital in New York City, 40% of parents made errors, primarily underdosing. More than two thirds of parents had poor quantitative skills, or "low numeracy," third-year resident Christine Marrese, MD, reported here at the Pediatric Academic Societies 2012 Annual Meeting.

She said the literature shows that at least half of parents give incorrect doses of medications, accounting for 70% of preventable pediatric outpatient drug adverse events. Contributing to the problem is the difficulty of administering liquid medications because of different concentrations, different units of measure, and the wide variety of dosing instruments (e.g., droppers, syringes, and graduated cylinders or cups).
Innumerate = fat = drug-related child abuse = should not have kids.

Unmasking Black Pepper's Secrets as a Fat Fighter

A new study provides a long-sought explanation for the beneficial fat-fighting effects of black pepper. The research, published in ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, pinpoints piperine -- the pungent-tasting substance that gives black pepper its characteristic taste, concluding that piperine also can block the formation of new fat cells.
Stopping the formation of new fat cells, if it really does, means nothing.

The old ones will just get bigger as they accumulate fat.

The question is, if you have 5 bank accounts with $10 in each, are you richer or poorer than if you had 2 bank accounts with $25 in each?

Get the point?

These researchers = morons.

Those subsidizing their research = bigger morons.

Increased Bodyweight After Stopping Smoking May Be Due to Changes in Insulin Secretion

Not hardly.
Fear of putting on weight is one of the major reasons why smokers do not give up their habit. The reasons for this weight gain are believed to be in part due to metabolic changes in the body, but until now precise details of these changes were not known. On May 8, 2012, however, a researcher from Austria told delegates at the International Congress of Endocrinology/European Congress of Endocrinology that her work had shown that changes in insulin secretion could be related to weight gain after smoking cessation.
Has nothing to do with insulin.

Has to do with only one thing - more Calories in than out.


Sunday, June 03, 2012

As America's Waistline Expands, Costs Soar

Only because the rest of us are willing to pay for the fat and their illnesses of choice.
U.S. hospitals are ripping out wall-mounted toilets and replacing them with floor models to better support obese patients. The Federal Transit Administration wants buses to be tested for the impact of heavier riders on steering and braking. Cars are burning nearly a billion gallons of gasoline more a year than if passengers weighed what they did in 1960.

The nation's rising rate of obesity has been well-chronicled. But businesses, governments and individuals are only now coming to grips with the costs of those extra pounds, many of which are even greater than believed only a few years ago: The additional medical spending due to obesity is double previous estimates and exceeds even those of smoking, a new study shows.

Many of those costs have dollar signs in front of them, such as the higher health insurance premiums everyone pays to cover those extra medical costs. Other changes, often cost-neutral, are coming to the built environment in the form of wider seats in public places from sports stadiums to bus stops.
Too bad the fat are too big to fit under the bus.

Load-Bearing Exercise By Males In Their Early 20s May Shield Them From Osteoporosis In Old Age

Another reason to train.
Young men who play volleyball, basketball or other load-bearing sports for four hours a week or more increase bone mass and might gain protection from developing osteoporosis later in life, according to a new study in the May issue of the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

The study, the largest scale investigation of its kind, discovered that young men who actively resisted the urge to adopt a "couch-potato" lifestyle in their late twenties seemed to gain the biggest bone benefit. "Men who increased their load-bearing activity from age 19 to 24 not only developed more bone, but also had larger bones compared to men who were sedentary during the same period," said senior study author Mattias Lorentzon, M.D., Ph.D., of the University of Gothenburg, in Sweden.

Bigger bones with more mass are thought to offer a shield against osteoporosis, a disease that affects men and women alike, in which bones become porous and weak over time and start to fracture by age 50 or later. "Osteoporosis actually seems to get its start by age 25 when bones start to lose tissue. So this study sends an important message to young men," Lorentzon said. "The more you move, the more bone you build."
This is "bone-banking" and it almost certainly works.

If you are late to the game, take anabolic steroids.